From Latin exclusive, exclusion is the action and effect of exclude (remove someone or something from a place, discard, reject, deny possibilities). For instance: “The exclusion of Gómez from the team generated a great controversy”, “Ricardo never forgave the exclusion of his wife from the guest list”, “The directors of the channel announced the exclusion of the journalist from their stable staff due to ideological disagreements”.

ExclusionThe concept of exclusion is very common in the field of social Sciences Or the politics to name the unfavorable social situation of a person or a group of individuals. In this sense, it is expected that an economic system or a country model favors social integration and general well-being; those who do not have development opportunities or who fail to meet their basic needs are seen as excluded.

Exclusion may occur due to the implicit conditions of the system (which does not allow progress to all members of the community) or by a direct mechanism of discrimination (as in the case of the apartheid on South Africa).

The most frequent factor of exclusion is poverty. A person can be poor for multiple reasons (unemployment, poor pay, very large families, health problems): this poverty will make them unable to buy food, have a decent home, access medicines, etc. Therefore, poverty leads the subject to remain outside the system, excluded.

However, there are many other situations that can lead to a person being considered to be at risk of social exclusion. Thus, for example, in Spain the specific legislation that will dictate that someone suffers from it if they belong to groups such as the following: individuals with alcoholism or drug addiction problems who are participating in workshops and reintegration centers, young people between 18 and 30 years that are in a center for the protection of minors, former inmates, those who are in prisons serving sentences …

In addition to all the above, it must be emphasized that exclusion is a situation that is determined by the coincidence of issues such as poverty, discrimination, invisibility, reduced opportunities or the lack of tolerance and solidarity.

It is also important to establish that the term social exclusion emerged in the 1970s. Specifically, it was in France where this expression began to be used as a result of the work entitled “Lex exclus: un Français sur Dix”, which was written by the who was Secretary of State for Social Action at that time: René Lenoir.

And it is that, using this term and carrying out the drafting of that document, what he really wanted was to capture the situation that at that time was lived in the Gallic country, where a significant number of citizens were outside what was the Social Security system that came to work and protect workers.

A peaceful and harmonious society is one that guarantees development opportunities for all its inhabitants and has the necessary mechanisms to correct inequalities.