The etymology from excess refers us to the Latin word excessus. The term has several uses according to the context.
It is called excess to the part or percentage that exceeds a limit or a measure, and what transcends the barrier of what is allowed, ordinary or recommended. For instance: “Once the mold is floured, we must remove the excess flour before continuing with the pouring of the mixture”, “The doctor told me that I have to lose excess weight since it could generate various health problems”, “I was fined for speeding”.
The excessive use of certain substances (such as alcoholic beverages, marijuana and other drugs) is harmful to the Health. That is why the dangers of excesses: “The boy had a promising career, but he indulged in excesses”, “The excesses damaged his body”, “My parents always warned me about the risks of excesses”.
Of course, the concept of excess can also be applied to products that are not harmful in themselves, such as meal. Although no one advises avoiding an excess of the most nutritious products and low in harmful components, it is true that the diet should be based on balance, and that is why it is also necessary or advisable to eat certain products to keep us healthy.
With regard to certain daily activities, we can also talk about the damages that they come off of the excess, although in some cases they depend on independent factors; For example, we cannot say that spending all day in front of a computer is necessarily negative, or that it generates the same problems for all individuals, since each one has a different degree of tolerance, as well as different reasons that drive them to do so. . Being more specific, it is not the same to spend twelve hours working on a programming project than watching other people’s videos on social networks, even with the same posture, vision problems and eating habits, since the vocation reduces the negative impact.
In any case, the concept of excess always carries a certain negative nuance, since it is a percentage that should not exist, that is not contemplated in the rules or in the initial expectations, and that is why it generates results unsatisfactory. When cooking, for example, the excess of certain ingredients can ruin the food, something that happens with salt or pepper but not always with foods whose flavor is not so intense.
In the field of economy, the excess supply or overproduction refers to what happens in a market when the quantity supplied of a good exceeds the quantity demanded from it. In a similar but opposite sense, the excess of demand or shortage occurs if the quantity demanded is greater than the quantity supplied.
The excess baggage, on the other hand, is the weight carried by a passenger that exceeds that allowed by an airline. The companies authorize carrying up to a certain weight: if the suitcases (suitcases) weigh more, the excess is invoiced and the traveler must pay an additional amount.
Despite the fact that the regulations of each company regarding excess baggage are detailed in their public documents, their Internet pages being the easiest to consult, every day thousands of people are surprised by such a limit or they pretend surprise to try carry more belongings at no additional cost. The big problem behind this rule is that for many it is arbitrary, since each passenger evaluates the importance of their assets differently.