The Latin word excelsus came to our tongue What sublime. This adjective is used to qualify that or that which is notable, eminent or distinguished. For instance: “The new film by the Argentine filmmaker is an excellent documentary about the border towns”, “In the last century we had an exalted president who was key in national development”, “The outstanding Chilean striker could continue his career in French football”.
The exalted adjective is very positive: Alludes to wonderful or outstanding features. Suppose a literary critic defines a writer as a “Exalted novelist”. With this qualification, you are referring to the fact that the author in question has a special talent for the development of novels.
The adjective It can be applied to people as well as to objects or situations. Just as a novelist can be described as exalted, so can a novel (or any other type of book) be called that way.
A “Exalted footballer” is the one that usually stands out thanks to its capacity. Anyway, any player can have a “Exalted party”: a meeting where he shone and had a great performance.
When the term is written with initial capital letter, indicates the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE), makes mention of God: “I am not afraid because I know that the Exalted will protect me”, “I was very young when I made the decision to consecrate my life to the Exalted”, “The Excellency guides my way”.
The araucaria excelsaFinally, it is a type of araucaria that is characterized by its rapid growth and by reaching a great height. It is worth mentioning that araucarias are trees that belong to the family group of the abietáceas.
Other names by which this conifer is known are norfolk island pine, simply araucaria or, in the scientific field, araucaria heterophylla. The family to which it belongs, whose Latin name is Araucariaceae, it is very old and the Island Norfolk, where it is endemic, is found in Australia. Since it is of great value as a piece of natural ornamentation, it is cultivated in many parts of the world.
The point that makes the araucaria excelsa so attractive is that its branches have a symmetry shocking; they arise five per level from the trunk (which develops very straight), generally at an almost right angle to it, although they tend to slope slightly upward. Viewed from a vertical perspective, each of the levels in which its branches are grouped forms a perfect pentagon.
The leaves are scale-shaped and this araucaria is considered a dioecious tree, since female and male flowers are found on different plants, but there are also specimens monoecious, that is, they contain flowers of both sexes. The fruit of the araucaria excelsa is a globose cone whose diameter can reach 12 centimeters. It is important to note that only through reproduction sexual it is possible to guarantee that the symmetry that characterizes it so much is preserved; on the contrary, agamic reproduction (where gametes are not involved) is less stable.
The araucaria excelsa was discovered in 1774 by the well-known British captain James cook, who, given the fascination that the forests of Norfolk Island caused him, did not take long to use them to his advantage. The masts of the Royal Navy, for example, began to be manufactured with the logs of these imposing trees that reached 50 meters in height.
At present, it is possible to find specimens of Araucaria excelsa that reach 80 meters in height, although many people use it as an interior decoration plant when it is still young, since its developing is slow.