The Greek word aithḗr came to Latin as aether, that in our idiom led to ether. The term has several uses according to the context.
In the field of chemistry, ether is called a compound which is formed by the bond of two alcohol molecules, they lose a water molecule. Ethers do not react easily and are quite stable.
Ethers are generally used in the manufacture of glues, as solvents for organic substances, in the preparation of poisons or even as anti-inflammatories for external use.
The ethyl ether, for example, it is a liquid that lacks colour, it has a low boiling point, its flavor is fiery and pungent, and it ignites easily. It is used in the production of explosives and as a grease solvent, to name two of its uses.
Another name by which ethyl ether is known is diethyl ether. Owns a density of 763 kilograms per cubic meter, which makes it a substance lighter than water, although its vapor exceeds air in density, reaching 2.56 kilograms per cubic meter. Just touch ethyl ether with one hand to bring it to a boil, since it only needs to reach 34.5 ° C; to solidify, on the other hand, it must drop to -116 ° C.
In addition to fats, ethyl ether is very effective in dissolving phosphors and sulfur, among other substances. Some studies indicate that the first to discover it was Raimundo lulio, a alchemist who lived from the mid-thirteenth century to the beginning of the fourteenth in the City of Mallorca, although not enough evidence has been found to support this data.
The first person to have synthesized it, on the other hand, was Valerius Cordus, almost two centuries later, and gave it the name of “sweet oil of vitriol” because its discovery had taken place after distilling ethanol and oil of vitriol (name that sulfuric acid received at that time, since it was generated using this material as base). Cordus observed in ethyl ether certain properties medicinals that even today are considered valid.
Also at that time, Paracelsus (name by which the Swiss physician and astrologer Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim was known) discovered that ethyl ether had some properties painkillers. It is worth mentioning that it was not until 1730 that the English chemist August Sigmund Frobenius He christened it “ether.” From the year 1842 and thanks to the work of the North American surgeon Crawford Williamson Long, ethyl ether began to be used as a general anesthetic.
The Petroleum etherOn the other hand, it is a mixture of different volatile compounds that are highly flammable. Also called benzine, this ether is usually generated in refineries as part of the distillate of the Petroleum.
In ancient times, the physical used the notion of ether to name a supposed invisible fluid which, in theory, filled space and transmitted various forms of energy through vibrations. With the development of science, the existence of the ether was discarded.
The scientists Edward morley and Albert Abraham Michelson they carried out experiments that were very important to stop considering the ether as a substance of real existence. The theory of special relativity that he proposed Albert Einstein he also contributed in the same way.
Poetic language, on the other hand, appeals to the term ether to name the immaterial that surrounds the planet Land. In the field of radio, ether is often called the space in which the waves travel.
ETHERFinally, it is a school of communication from Argentina. It dictates careers and offers courses that allow training in speech, journalism, technical operation and other specialties.