Endocrine systemIt is known as system to the ordered module of interrelated elements that interact with each other. These elements can be real (physical) or conceptual (abstract).

Endocrine, for its part, is an adjective used in the biology to name that pertaining to or relating to hormones or internal secretions. Applied to a gland, the term refers to those that pour the products that they secrete directly into the blood.

The endocrine system, therefore, it is formed by the set of internal secretion glands. Its components are organs that secrete hormones, which are released into the bloodstream and are responsible for regulating the various functions of the body.

Growth, metabolism, tissue functions, and mood, for example, are regulated by hormones. The endocrine system allows cellular communication that, in the face of stimuli, responds by releasing hormones and promoting the different metabolic functions of the body.

Among the glands that are part of the endocrine system, it is possible to highlight the thyroid, the hypophysis and the adrenal. The thyroid gland It is located in the front of the neck, above the windpipe. It is composed of two lobes joined by an isthmus, produces proteins and regulates the body’s sensitivity to other hormones.

The hypophysis, also known as the pituitary gland, is located at the base of the skull and has the function of regulating homeostasis. The Kidney glands, for their part, are located above the kidneys and are responsible for regulating the response to the stress from the synthesis of catocholamines and corticosteroids.

Two of the diseases of the endocrine system best known:

Diabetes

Endocrine systemThe main feature of the diabetes is the presence of very high levels of glucose in the blood. Insulin is the hormone in charge of ensuring that cells obtain the energy they need from the glucose that enters the body through the food we eat.

It is possible to talk about Diabetes type 1, when the body does not make insulin, and type 2 diabetes (more common than the first) if insulin is not produced or used correctly by the body. The prediabetesOn the other hand, it occurs when sugar levels are higher than normal, although not as high as in diabetes.

This disease of the endocrine system can have serious consequences on the organism, among which are injuries to the kidneys, nerves and eyes, as well as heart disease, the amputation of a limb and strokes.

To detect the presence of diabetes it is possible to request a blood test, and for its control it is advisable to stay in shape and follow a diet healthy and balanced, paying attention at all times to the level of glucose in the blood.

Obesity

While many people do not consider obesity Whether it is a disease, it is and can have serious repercussions on our health. In short, it is an excess of fat in the body, and should not be confused with overweight, a situation that can occur due to the combination of muscle mass, bone size, and water in the body, in addition to fat. On the other hand, neither condition is healthy.

How do you come to suffer from obesity? Ingesting calories in amounts greater than those consumed by the body, although this proportion is different in each individual. Frequent physical activity and a diet free of saturated fat is a good start to avoid this disease of the endocrine system.

It is important to note that obesity increases the risk of stroke, certain types of cancer, heart disease, arthritis, and diabetes.