A empire, from Latin imperium, is a form of state organization in which the authority rests with the figure of the emperor. In these stateTherefore, the emperor holds power and is the monarch.
The concept is also used to name the time period in which the government from one of these leaders, to the era in which a nation had emperors and to all the territories ruled by an emperor.
An empire is generally made up of the can of a State that dominates the territories of different nations. For example, him German empire or Second reich existed between 1871 Y 1918 and had under its control various kingdoms, duchies and principalities, such as Prussia, Bavaria, Baden, Bremen Y Hamburg, among others.
There are times when the term empire is used to refer to a power (either military or economical), even if its representative does not have the title or powers of emperor. In recent years, many sociologists and political scientists rated USA empire for its warmongering policy (which led to invade territories such as Afghanistan and Iraq) and by the enormous pressure it exerts from its economic dominance.
The concept also refers to the action or result of reigning (give orders): “I want to restore in this nation the law Empire”, “The empire of corruption and crime has made society move away from the political class”.
The russian empire
One of the great empires in the story of humanity is the Russian, who ruled between the years 1721 and 1917 and who occupied not only important areas of the European Continent, but also parts of Asia and North America. This political body called itself Imperial Russia; It was started by Pedro I and culminated in the Revolution of 1917.
Pedro I assumed as Tsar after overthrowing his sister Sofia and, as he had extensive knowledge military, undertook a conquest that would be remembered forever; he managed to dominate a territory that came to cover 22,900,000 km² and in which people from more than a hundred different ethnic groups were included. It was home to almost all the Baltic countries, the Caucasus, and much of Central Asia, plus some regions of Alaska.
Peter I was the creator of the Russian naval forces and reorganized the army based on the system European, paying the soldiers as if it were any job. All the changes that the Empire was developing responded to a single ideal, an absolutist model where the only existing authority was himself, the tsar. His goal was to create an Empire that had modern technology and that was affirmed on innovative ideas. He also made great contributions in the field of art and education and encouraged the people to adopt Western customs and ideas; This, while bringing many advantages, also widened the gap between the nobility and the people.
In 1917, in the middle of the First War Mundial, groups of Marxists and anti-Zarists rose up against the Tsar, who was then Alexander II; they managed to overthrow him and the Russian Republic was declared. The causes of this uprising were many, but fundamentally it was due to the great poverty that was beginning to plague one of the countries that had once had one of the highest economic growth rates in all of Europe. In addition, Russia was in crisis due to the great discontent that reigned in the people with respect to the Tsarist government.
The Russian Empire was one of the largest in history, along with the British and Spanish; In any case, it is important to object that, although the Roman was much smaller, its cultural influence on the dominated regions has positioned it among one of the most remembered in all of history.
Finally, it should be mentioned that the term imperialism, refers to the behavior and tendency of a State that wants to place itself above others. This current is linked to the desire for expansion and annexation of other land.