The education can be defined as the socialization process of individuals. When educating, a person assimilates and learns knowledge. Education also involves a cultural and behavioral awareness, where the new generations acquire the ways of being of previous generations.
Characteristics of the educational process
The educational process materializes in a series of skills and values, that produce intellectual, emotional and social changes in the individual. According to the level of awareness reached, these values can last a lifetime or only for a certain period of time.
In the case of children, education seeks to promote the process of structuring of thought and the forms of expression. Help in the process sensory-motor maturation and stimulates integration and group coexistence.
The formal or school education, for its part, consists of the systematic presentation of ideas, facts and techniques to students. A person exercises a influence orderly and voluntary over another, with the intention of training him. Thus, the school system is the way in which a society transmits and preserves its collective existence among the new generations.
On the other hand, it should be noted that modern society gives particular importance to the concept of permanent or continuing education, which establishes that the educational process is not limited to childhood and youth, but that human beings must acquire knowledge throughout their entire life. life.
Within the field of education, another key aspect is the evaluation, which presents the results of the teaching and learning process. Evaluation contributes to improving education and, in a way, it is never finished, since each activity carried out by an individual is subjected to analysis to determine if they achieved what they were looking for.
Throughout the history, the approach we have given to education has changed significantly and on more than one occasion. Its evolution is very complex, partly because not all knowledge is transmitted in the same context or with the same rules: while in our first months of life we spontaneously learn from the elderly a series of basic concepts such as the manipulation of certain objects , walking, oral communication and play, school brings with it a much more rigid and orderly structure.
Within school-based education, in the past the majority trend was towards the “militarization” of the system: an “omniscient” teacher stood in front of his students, who sat silently and sat their lessons. Two figures were opposed: that of the person who has something to teach and that of the group that can only learn, but does not contribute anything to the first. Fortunately, over the decades this has changed and it is still in full transition towards a flexible and personalized reality, which gives each one a significant role.
Indeed, one of the great failures of militarized education is that teachers close themselves to the contributions of their students, as if they had nothing to learn. This hurts both parties: the teacher does not grow professionally; students do not receive a space to opine; future students do not receive a wiser teacher, because he never incorporates new knowledge. On the other hand, all students in a closed system must learn the same contents, in the same way, and undergo the same evaluations, something as absurd as it is unfair.
The education towards which we are currently tending aims at each student receiving a treatment personalized so that you learn what really works for you and in the most appropriate way for your abilities. For example, future writers should not be required to have a level of mathematics typical of a scientist.