The edaphology is the scientific discipline that studies nature and the features of the I usually in its link with plant species. The term comes from the Greek édaphos (which can be translated as “I usually”) Y logos (“treaty”).
Sometimes edaphology is used as a synonym for pedology. However, pedology analyzes the formation and structure of the I usually understood as floor or surface, while edaphology considers the soil as the land that is cultivated.
It is important to keep in mind that the soil arises from the mechanical and chemical changes that occur in the rocks that are on the surface. Are transformations they derive in a mother material that, combined with the gases of the atmosphere, water, the action of animals and other factors, generate a mixture of inorganic and organic materials.
All these questions are investigated by edaphology, focusing on the relationship between the soil, the plants that grow in it and the environment. By knowing the properties of the soil and knowing how these traits affect the environment and plant production, edaphology is key to the farming.
It is often said that edaphology is a soil science. Its experts examine the composition and distribution of soils, taking into account their processes and their conservation. Thus they conceive knowledge that is vital for technicians and agricultural producers.
In short, soil science is necessary to optimize the production of food and to preserve ecosystems. Their contributions contribute to the care of biodiversity and the survival of living beings.