Reservation it is a notion with multiple meanings. It may be about caution or measure; of the protection that is made of something; of something that is saved for a specific use; or from a resource that is available but not in use.
Ecological, for its part, is that which is linked to ecology (the study of the relationships that living organisms maintain with each other and with the environment; the tendency to get involved in caring for nature).
After reviewing these definitions, we can focus on the idea of ecological Reserve. The notion is linked to territory that a Condition decide protect with a special statute due to the relevance of its geological properties or the wildlife it harbors.
An ecological reserve, therefore, has as its main objective the conservation of your resources. In these areas, in addition, scientific work is usually developed to increase knowledge about various species.
The declaration of an ecological reserve usually depends on the government. In some countries, however, it is accepted that non-governmental entities are responsible for the designation of these spaces.
Ecological reserves can also be constituted as natural parks, National Parks or biosphere reserves. Its name depends on the scope of the protection regime and the administration of the territory in question.
Many are the countries that currently have recognized different ecological reserves. Thus, for example, among the most significant are the following:
-National and Natural Park of Doñana. It is also declared a World Heritage Site and is located in Andalusia (Spain). It has more than 100,000 hectares of extension distributed between three provinces (Huelva, Seville and Cádiz), it is home to more than 300 different species of birds and it is considered the largest ecological reserve in the entire European continent. Especially important is the care it takes for the Iberian lynx, which is a species of feline that is in danger of extinction.
-Iguassu National Park, located between Argentina and Brazil and which has, among other things, the famous Iguazú Falls, which are considered one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World. At a plant and wildlife level, it is pure wealth as it is home to numerous species, such as the white laurel, the toucan, the ceibo, the large anteater or the alligator.
-Natural Park of the Sierras de Cazorla, Segura and Las Villas, which is located in Jaén (Spain). It has been declared a Biosphere Reserve, it is the largest protected area in its country and the second in Europe. All this without forgetting that it is a ZEPA (Special Protection Area for Birds).
An example of an ecological reserve is the Ecological Reserve of Buenos Aires, created in 1986. Occupies a 350 hectares next to Silver river and, in its lagoons, wetlands, bushes and grasslands, coexist species such as biguas, black-necked swans, ducks, otters, and weasels.
Likewise, we cannot forget the Pacaya Samiria National Reserve, in Peru; La Campana National Park, in the Metropolitan Region of Chile; the Pedregal de San Ángel Reserve in Mexico or the Anchorena Park in Uruguay.