The drug trafficking is he illegal trade in toxic drugs in large quantities. The process (which begins with the cultivation of the substances, continues with production and ends with distribution and sale) is usually carried out by various illicit organizations (called posters) who specialize in different parts of the chain.
The largest drug trafficking groups tend to have an international presence and wield power similar to that of a government. Its members have dangerous weapons and its leaders handle huge sums of money.
The illegal status of drugs causes them to acquire great economic value. On the other hand, it is known that people who suffer from addiction they know no limits when they feel the need to consume. Combining these factors with the poverty of many addicts, it is easy to understand that drug trafficking is both a lucrative and risky business.
It should be noted that it is not by chance that cocaine and heroin, among other drugs, have not been legalized, since this type of substance produces very serious and irreversible damage to the consumer. On the other hand, its consumption usually generates violence, it drives crime and leaves large numbers of people out of the social system.
Most international legislation therefore prohibits the production, distribution and sale of drugs, with the exception of those that are used for therapeutic purposes and of some substances that are tolerated at a social level (such as alcohol and the tobacco). Consumers, in general, are not punished, since they are sick people, who need help for their recovery.
The so-called countries Third World, located in Latin America Y Asia, are usually the producers of drug, while the main consumer markets are in United States Y Europe.
The First Opium War
Also known as the first anglo-chinese warIt was a warlike confrontation that had as protagonists China and the United Kingdom since 1839 and for 3 consecutive years. The causes of this conflict revolved around the commercialization of opium in the eastern country, since its attempt to ban it was contrary to the objectives of the British, who sought to broaden the horizons of said opium. market.
The origins of this war are rooted in a strategy developed by the West to trade with China: in the absence of products That interested eastern buyers, the United Kingdom, France and the United States (among other countries) decided to offer addictive substances to them; This led to a crisis for the economy of the Chinese people, since many of its inhabitants began to invest more than half of your income in the acquisition of said drugs.
Trying to regain the control, the Emperor of China banned the consumption of opium on his soil and expelled the British vendors, whose government sent its marine army to the East, immediately and predictably; Through their attacks, they tried to intimidate the Chinese to force them to buy their product.
Given the inferiority of the Chinese army compared to that of its enemy, the result of the confrontation did not have a surprising end: China had to surrender to the United Kingdom and sign the Treaty of Nanking, beginning a new relationship between the two. nations.
The treaty from Nanjing (the capital of the south), which was signed in 1842, forced China to cede Hong Kong Island to the British and to open its port areas to trade between the two countries. With regard to the loss of territory, a century and a half later, in 1997, Hong Kong became part of the eastern country again.