Domination, whose etymological root is found in the Latin word dominance, is he act and result of mastering: exercise domain (power, control) over someone or something.
The concept of domination can be used to refer to the authority or the I send that the one who holds sovereignty has over a region or an entity. The term usually refers specifically to the imposition of a position or an order, and not to consensus or democratic rules.
For the sociologyIn fact, domination occurs when a group or an individual is in a position to impose their beliefs, their visions and their ideas whether by force, by threats or even through persuasion. This submission is based on the afraid of those who are dominated, who fear retaliation or losing their means of survival.
Domination implies a unequal relationship. There is someone who dominates, establishing the terms, and another who is subordinate.
It is possible to find situations of domination in different areas. On the ground of sport, for example, domination is associated with superiority of one team versus another. If a soccer team defeats their rival 8-0, it can be said that their domination was very marked.
In the plane of the economy, domination arises when a company can influence the structure of the market by its financial resources or its political influence. When the company in a situation of domination takes advantage of its privileged place to the detriment of the rest of the actors, there is a abuse of dominant position, an offense contemplated in competition law.