Direction is the action and effect of directing (take something to a term or place, guide, direct operations to an end, govern, give rules, advise or guide). The concept has its origin in the Latin word directio.
The road or the course that a body follows in its movement and the line on which a point moves are known as the direction. For example: “The individual left the house and walked in that direction before losing himself among the pedestrians”, “If you want to get to the beach, you will have to walk in the opposite direction”, “If I had continued in that direction, I would have plunged into the void”.
The concept as teaching, advice, guidance and location
Another use of the notion of direction refers to the teaching and the tip with which a person is directed: “He has great natural talent, but he needs the direction of an experienced man”, “Have no doubts: with my address, your presentation will be a success”.
Management is also the activity that consists of guide actions of a business, a organization or a person towards a certain end. The director must set goals, make decisions and guide his subordinates: “The company offers high quality products, but shows important flaws in its management”, “The management of the company was in the hands of Dr. Ramón Filkenstein”, “Since the Portuguese took over the technical direction of the team, the victories are much more frequent”.
The home of a person, the Location of a building and the site from a site in Internet are other meanings of address: “I would like to come and say hello to your brother, what is his address?”, “I don’t have the address of the office”, “The address of the NBA site is www.nba.com”.
It is known by the name of orchestral conducting to the use of certain techniques to guide a group of musicians in the execution of a construction site, with the aim that the result is faithful to the intentions of the composer, as expressed in the score.
This discipline began with the direction of singers during the Middle Ages and became more complex with the appearance of the instruments created by the human being, whose combination with the voices brought a series of greater challenges, given the greater polyphonic and polyrhythmic variety. It was then that the idea of using a cane to constantly indicate the rhythm to musicians arose, and this could be done silently or with small strokes.
However, since the cane was much larger than the tool used today, which is called the baton, its use caused various accidents of varying severity, and little by little its design was changed to adapt to the needs. of the directors.
It is worth mentioning that throughout the seventeenth century and up to the eighteenth, it was very common for composers to direct the performances of their own works. But this was not always possible; In those cases, the most usual thing was to ask one of the musicians to fulfill the role conductor (in general, you chose the first violin or the person in charge of the continuous bass).
Techniques for conducting an orchestra
Fundamentally, orchestral conducting relies on three types of techniques:
* gestures: different movement patterns of the baton to draw in the air the rhythm and give various indications;
* psychological: they hide in the connection that the conductor establishes with the musicians and the public, and they seek to add to the interpretation the emotional nuances of the works;
* of testing– All the tools the conductor uses during practice sessions to get musicians interested in the work and to overcome all the technical challenges they encounter along the way.