A diet is he set of food substances that make up the nutritional behavior of living beings. The concept comes from the Greek little day, what does it mean “lifestyle”. Diet, therefore, is a habit and it constitutes a way of life.
Sometimes the term is often used to refer to special regimes to lose weight or to combat certain diseases, although these cases represent modifications of the diet and not the diet itself.
According to the diet that they follow, living beings can be classified in different ways: carnivores (eat meat), detritivores (they feed on dead organic substances), herbivores (they eat plants and fruits), insectivores (insects), omnivores (your system can digest meats and vegetables) or cannibals (they eat members of the same species), among others. The human being is omnivorous by nature, although for ideological or religious reasons many choose to be vegetarian (They abstain from meat and fish).
The veganism, also know as strict vegetarianism, exclude from the diet any food product of animal origin. Rather, anyone whose elaboration requires the torture and murder of an animal. For this reason, it does not admit meat of any kind, eggs or milk, but only vegetable products.
Although many of the detractors of this lifestyle assure that the vegan they are not nourished properly, veganism has been around for a long time, and real statistics indicate that abstinence from animal products in the diet significantly reduces the risks of various types of cancer and other diseases of varying severity.
Cultural, social and economic influence on food
The human feeding is not determined only by biological issues, but is influenced by factors social, economic and cultural. Many times the diet is conditioned by the availability of food that depends on weather conditions and of the geographic location of each region.
Nor can the personal factors that determine a diet, such as taste, the influence of advertising for certain food products, aesthetic preferences and other issues.
The ease of obtaining certain foods, climatic conditions and social customs make each country and region have its own diet. Argentina, for example, it has one of the highest beef consumption rates in the world. USAInstead, it is characterized by the intake of fast food (of English junk food), that is, from foods with little nutritional value and high levels of fat or sugar, such as hamburgers. This diet has caused an epidemic of obesity in the American population.
All this shows us that the importance of diet is too great to cover only the nutritional aspect of our life. Each culture, each community feels identified not only with a series of customs, festivals and with one or more languages, but also with its typical dishes, those whose recipes are passed from generation to generation and which seem to be unable to reproduce with the same « magic ‘in other regions.
Returning to the case of veganism, although the first of its features that comes to mind is that it does not allow the consumption of animal products in its diet, it is about much more than that: it is a compassionate way to share the planet with the rest of the living beings. Giraffes cannot hunt, so they pluck fresh leaves from trees with their teeth; neither can we hunt without weapons, and therefore we should limit ourselves to farming.
Planting our own food or raising confined animals and then slaughtering them to eat them says a lot about us. We must adopt a diet that is consistent with our beginning, that we are proud of our decisions.