The concept of dianoethics is not part of the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE). It is a term coined by the Greek philosopher Aristotle to refer to the intellectual virtues of people.
The dianoetic virtues, therefore, are associated with intelligence. The ethical virtues, instead, they are related to the affective and sensitive part of individuals.
Aristotle considered that, to discover the dianoetic virtues, it was necessary to study the cognitive or rational functions. The ethical virtues, on the contrary, required analyzing the Actions of the subjects.
The origins of dianoetic virtues lie in the learning. To develop them you need weather and experience.
The prudence is the most important dianoetic virtue according to Aristotle. Allows you to perform the necessary calculations to determine the right balance, thereby helping to exercise moral virtues such as justice, courage and temperance. Thanks to prudence, it is possible to have a happy life.
As a dianoetic virtue, prudence makes it possible to select the appropriate norms of behavior and thus regulate the conduct. That is why it contributes to the acquisition of ethical virtues.
Another dianoetic virtue is wisdom, associated with contemplation Yet the theoretical function. Its purpose is to determine what is right and what is wrong, or to differentiate between what is false and what is true. Wisdom, then, leads to finding the truth.
The dianoetic virtues, in short, require the teaching and of the systematization of experiences. Dianoethics involves thinking through reason, analyzing, describing and arguing.