The first step that is necessary to take is to clarify the etymological origin of the determining term. In this sense, we will have to say that it emanates from Latin, and more precisely from the verb “determine”, which can be translated as “expressing an idea with precision”. This Latin word is made up of two clearly delimited parts: the prefix “de”, which is synonymous with “direction of something from top to bottom”, and the verb “terminare”, which is equivalent to “setting a limit”.
Determinant it is what determines. The verb decide, on the other hand, refers to fixing the terms of something, pointing out something for some effect, taking a resolution, distinguish or discern.
For instance: “The play of the uncollected penalty was decisive for the development of the match”, “Experts consider that the president’s support will be decisive in the next elections”, “The words of my parents are decisive in my decisions”.
In the linguistics, a determinant is a morpheme that, adjacent to the noun phrase, quantifies or specializes it to form a determining phrase with it. Determinants, therefore, point to an object and delimit its meaning.
The linguistic determinants are divided into updaters, quantifiers, interrogative / exclamatory and predetermining. The expression “I already read the whole book” includes the default “everything”, which fixes the scope of the sentence to the entire “book”. The sentence “I liked the book”, for its part, presents the updating determinant “the”, while “I want a double portion of potatoes” exhibits the quantifying determinant “double”.
As for the interrogative or exclamatory determiners, they are those that are included in expressions such as “What a problem!” or “How many players?”.
In the same way, we cannot ignore the existence of these other commonly used determinants:
• Demonstrative, which accompany the nouns and whose objective is to make clear the distance or proximity of these to the receivers. Examples are “this”, “that” or “that”.
• Possessives. These determinants, as their own name indicates, are those that not only go along with the name but also indicate whether it belongs to one or more people. Therefore, among those are “our” or “you”, among others.
• Numerals, whose main function is to accurately quantify, thus establishing an order of placement. Among these determinants, which can be ordinal or cardinal as well as fractional or multiplicative, are “ten”, “fourth”, “second” …
In the field of mathematics, determinant is an expression obtained from the application of the elements of a square matrix according to certain rules. The determinant can be said to be an alternate multilinear form.
In the same way, within the mathematical realm, we cannot ignore the existence of what is known as an adjoint of a determinant. This we can say that it is the minor complementary that it has and it is necessary, in order to calculate it, to make use of different functions that are based on the use of the symbols + and -.
For one database, a determinant is an attribute on which another attribute functionally depends. This second attribute, therefore, is meaningless without the presence of the first.