The odontology is the Medical speciality who is dedicated to study of the teeth and gums and the treatment of their ailments. This discipline takes care of everything related to stomatognathic apparatus, formed by the set of organs and tissues found in the oral cavity and in part of the skull, face and neck.
The origin of dentistry dates back thousands of years. The first documented dental practice took place in Egypt more than 5000 years ago. Closer in time, barbers they were in charge of the extraction of teeth until dentistry was institutionalized.
There are two large groups of teeth: the previous group, formed by incisors and the canines, and the posterior group, composed of premolars and the molars. Beyond appearance aesthetic, each tooth has a function. The incisors allow to cut the food, the canines help to tear and the premolars are in charge of the grinding, for example.
The cavities is one of the diseases most common teeth. It appears due to the action of acids produced by bacteria and destroys enamel and dentin. The consumption of carbonated beverages affects the formation of cavities.
Other common diseases are gingivitis (inflammation and bleeding of the gums caused by a bacterial infection) and the periodontitis (when the tissue that joins the teeth to the bone).
Dentists recommend that oral hygiene includes the use of a toothbrush, mouthwashes and floss. It is your obligation to tell patients how to use all these products in detail. They are also strongly opposed to tobacco use and substance abuse that can to damage the enamel.
One of the less obvious characteristics of dentistry is that it is not as common in all countries. While in some it is part of the medical care most consumed by the people, in others it seems to be a kind of “luxury”, accessed only by those who have more money. This also occurs with orthodontics, a branch that is responsible for the structural and aesthetic part of the teeth.
Therefore, it is enough to look at the teeth of a population to know how important dentistry is in its territory. However, there is a fundamental problem that makes this cultural difference more evident: the lack of respect with which we treat our teeth and our mouth. Although this changes generation after generation, and dentures are becoming less common, it seems that human beings do not know how to take care of their own hygiene instinctively.
This leads us to wonder why we need a dental specialist to teach us to brush our teeth, something that should be basic given the diseases that can arise if we do it wrong. One of the possible answers is the comfort into which we have fallen since the emergence of the medicine, something that also occurs with the security forces: «if I get sick, I go to the doctor; if they assault me, to the police ». But in the past, when the structure was much less complex, the human being was more self-sufficient.
Between the aspects What dentistry does have in common in almost any part of the world is that it belongs to private medicine, and not to public medicine. This means that we must pay to access the care of professionals in this specialty. This is the first wall that leaves out people with fewer economic resources, which forces them to have mouths in worse condition simply because they do not have as much money as the others, and not due to lack of attention to their own health.