Adjective is a word that, when analyzing its etymological origin, we discover that it comes from the Latin term “adiectivus”. This can also determine that it is made up of three components: the prefix “ad-“, which indicates an approximation; the verb “iacere”, which can be translated as “launch”, and finally the suffix “-tive”, which is synonymous with “relationship”.
The adjectives are the words that determine or qualify a noun. It is a kind of word that expresses the properties attributed to the noun, highlighting or specifying them.
A demonstrative adjective is the one who indicates a relationship of place, expressing the proximity of the person with whom or of whom it is spoken. These adjectives always precede a noun; otherwise, we are facing another type of word (the pronouns).
Likewise, we cannot ignore the knowledge that demonstrative adjectives always have the same gender and number as those of the nouns they accompany.
“That”, “this”, “that”, “this” and “those” are examples of demonstrative adjectives. There are certain adjectives that are grammatically appropriate but are very archaic in everyday speech, such as “is another one”, “Aqueste” or “Aquesa”.
Specifically, we would have to establish that this is the complete list of demonstrative adjectives:
• Regarding the adverb category, there are the following: “here”, “here”, “there”, “there” and “there”.
• Those framed within the “masculine singular” section are these: “this”, “that” and “that”.
• On the other hand, typified as “singular feminine” we find “this”, “that” and “that”.
• “These”, “those” and “those” are the plural masculine demonstrative adjectives.
• “These”, “those” and “those” are, for their part, the feminine and plural type.
“That dog is a doberman” is an expression that includes the demonstrative adjective “that”. This adjective is determining the noun “dog” and assumes that the speaker is observing the “dog” in question so that the adjective “that” make sense.
“Those girls are making a lot of noise and they won’t let me rest” is another phrase where a demonstrative adjective is used (“those”). The expression refers to a group of noisy girls from the perspective of the speaker.
On occasions, the demonstrative adjective can indicate a proximity both space What temporary: “Yesterday I bought this album” use the adjective “this” to mention spatial proximity (it is easy to imagine the speaker pointing to the disc in question or holding it in hand), while “This winter we will go skiing” includes the same adjective in a temporal reference (the winter that is lived at the moment or that is to come).
That is to say, we could use the demonstrative adjectives already exposed to establish the type of proximity and closeness that they establish in terms of a subject or a specific object. In this sense, the following characteristics have been specified in this regard:
• Those that indicate greater proximity are “this”, “this”, “these” and “these”.
• On the other hand, those who come to show an average distance are “that”, “that”, “those” and “those”.
• Finally, those used to indicate a greater distance are “that”, “that”, “those” and “those”.