It is called regime to the system that allows to institute and regulate how something works. Democratic, for its part, is an adjective that is linked to the democracy (the form of government that is based on the popular will).
A democratic regimeTherefore, it is one that enables the participation of the population in the decision making linked to the public. It is a series of institutions and regulations that organize the Condition and the exercise of power according to democratic criteria.
What is a democratic regime
What does everything political regime is to define how the government is accessed and how the authorities in charge of the administration of the Condition they can use their powers.
In the case of the democratic regime, it is based on pillars such as the periodic performance of elections (which allow citizens to cast their vote secretly and freely) and the establishment of a Constitution from which all laws are derived.
In addition to all the above, it is necessary to recognize other characteristics that any self-respecting democratic regime possesses:
-There is freedom of expression, which establishes that any individual can express their opinions and points of view on any subject.
-Equality is one of its fundamental pillars. This determines that all people have the same rights and the same duties. Hence, any type of discrimination, exclusion or limitation in terms of access to opportunities is completely rejected and prohibited.
-Helps to face the problems that are shared in society and to demand the needs of the community.
-There is pluralism and tolerance as well as freedom of association.
-The democratic regime recognizes and supports the diversity existing in the society of the country in question.
-It should also be noted that justice has independence and that there is a clear separation of the three powers.
Democratic regime and political participation
The essence of a democratic regime is found in the massive inclusion of the society in decision-making and in setting limits to those who exercise power. The format of the regime, however, was changing with the passage of the weather.
Today most democratic regimes are committed to the representative democracy: the people elect their representatives in the institutions and it is these representatives who make the decisions.
The democratic regimes of antiquity, arisen in Greece, were based instead on the direct democracy: citizens made decisions in assemblies.
The absence of democracy
In contrast to the democratic regime, there is the non-democratic one that is characterized by signs of identity such as these:
-There is a cessation of what are the individual freedoms of each citizen.
-There is censorship and the press is absolutely controlled.
-There is no parliament.
-The three powers (executive, legislative and judicial) are centralized.
-The figure of a leader or of a group is recognized that is the one that has absolutely the control.
-There is an omission of what is known as judicial due process.