A curtain is a large fabric that is placed on the theaters to separate the stage from the space where the spectators are located. The curtain can scroll horizontally or vertically to allow the works to be viewed.
The usual thing is that the curtain only opens when there are actors on stage. Before the performance and at the end of it, as in the intermission, the curtain remains closed. This allows you to change the scenography without the viewers seeing the process.
Usually the curtain is made with velvet or other dense fabric since the intention is that nobody can observe what happens behind it. Over the years, designers began to pay attention to appearance or decor of the curtain, which came to be considered as an important element in the aesthetics of the theater.
Suppose a theater is presented construction site consisting of three acts. When the spectators arrive in the room, they find that the curtain is closed or low. At the beginning of the first act, the curtain opens or rises. Then it closes at the end of the act and reopens at the beginning of the second. The same happens between the second and the third act. Finally, the curtain closes at the end of the work.
It is worth mentioning that it is also very common for some of the actors (or singers, in the case of the Opera) to greet the spectators and receive the applause with gratitude for their performance so far; on these occasions the curtain remains closed, so they must stand in the small space that exists between it and the edge of the stage. In opera it is very common, especially after acts in which one of the protagonists has successfully overcome a very demanding aria.
Let’s look at some of the most common types of curtain:
* background: also called backdrop, and covers the back sector of the stage. It remains closed throughout the function;
* asbestos: is the firewall, and is also known as metallic curtain, of iron or of security;
* Greek: it is the one that is divided into two symmetrical parts and remains on both sides of the stage once it is opened, sliding down a rail;
* Italian. It is an evolution of the previous one, and it also folds towards the sides of the stage. Basically, it differs in that to open and close it a system based on a successive series of rings that are locked by ropes is used.
The presence of the curtain collaborates with that singular combination of mystery and magic that occurs in theaters, where the public you can feel the energy of the actors, and vice versa, something that does not happen in the cinema. In the minutes leading up to a performance, people wait anxiously, often looking at the curtain constantly to try to detect any sign of movement, any indication that the wait is finally over and they can be transported to another world.
At say it with mimicry, on the other hand, a game in which two or more people take turns getting the others to guess a word or phrase using only body language, there are different signs to give the other player a certain context about the unknown. This should be done at the beginning of each shift, and consists of simple gestures representing “person,” “movie,” “book,” “quote or phrase,” “location,” or “play,” among others. In the particular case of the theater, the gesture consists of pretending that our hands are the curtain, and making them open sideways.