Chronopia It is a notion created by the Argentine writer Julio Cortazar (1914–1984). The chronopios are green and wet beings, as imagined by the author of “Hopscotch”, who never gave too many details about the physical appearance of these characters.
The first time that Cortázar used the term was in an article published in 1952, when he reviewed a concert that Louis Armstrong offered in Paris. The writer came up with the idea when, in the Theater of the Champs Elysees from the French capital, he had a vision of green balloons floating around the room.
The concept of the chronopios remained in the mind of Cortázar, who wrote a series of stories Y poems with these characters as protagonists who appeared in the book “Chronopios and fame stories”, published in 1962.
Pure genius for many and overrated stories for others is this work that has become one of the most significant of the many that make up Julio Cortázar’s bibliography.
Within the surrealist genre it is framed the same in which the author comes to carry out, in his own way, a review by the most important social actors of the decades of the 50s and 60s in Argentina. That is to say, by the bourgeoisie.
In an authentic critical and scathing way he carries out the description of that upper class that, among others, is made up of people who have come unless, however, to appear they continue to lead the standard of living that they presumably had before. That situation produces really funny and absurd moments.
“The particular and the universal”, “Preservation of memories”, “Inconveniences in public services” or “Preamble to instructions for winding the clock” are some of the stories that shape this work.
According to what his texts, the chronopios are idealistic, sensitive and naive creatures. In this way they differ from other beings imagined by the writer, such as fame (pretentious and formal) and hopes (bored and ignorant).
Cortázar He was able to clarify that the term cronopio has nothing to do with the weather, which could be inferred from the chrono prefix. Simply, the Argentine assured, it was a word that occurred to him and that seemed appropriate to name these beings.
Over the years, both Cortázar how his friends and followers began to use the notion of cronopio as an adjective or an honorific applied to people that they admired. A) Yes, Cortázar it is usually called as The Greater Cronopio.
The creation of the term cronopio gave rise to many other artists from that moment to be inspired by it. A good example of this is the painter Eva Holz, a native of Chile, who created several paintings about this strange being.
There is also the writer Luis María Pescetti who has a work entitled “What would happen if a couple of cronopios traveled a highway?”.
The music also features various songs that deal with the beings invented by Cortázar, such as “Canción del Cronopio”, by the rock band Los Brujos.