The idea of prevention refers to the actions carried out to avoid a later problem. A crimemeanwhile, it is a fact that violates the law.
The crime prevention, in this way, implies the development of various tasks with the aim of minimize the realization of criminal acts. The notion is linked to the work carried out by governments to try to guarantee the security.
Importantly, crime prevention can be approached from various perspectives. The objective is deter people from engaging in illegal acts that generate all kinds of damage and cause numerous victims.
For a crime to be committed, there must be a person willing to adopt a behavior contrary to what is legal. Said individual also has to have the necessary resources (material and symbolic) to commit the act, which he will use when he is presented with a opportunity to act.
This means that crime prevention has to prevent subjects from considering the possibility of breaking the law. law. It must also take tools away from criminals and eliminate their opportunities for action. That is why it is necessary to complement the efforts of educational establishments and of the security forces, for instance.
Fight against school dropouts; promote access to the labor market; promote free and open access cultural and recreational activities; combat drug trafficking and the consumption of drugs; increasing vigilance in the streets, and forging a fast and efficient judicial system are some of the guidelines that can be part of a crime prevention plan.
Going deeper into this concept, we can see at least three types of crime prevention, depending on the moment in which it is carried out, something similar to what happens in the field of crime. Health public. The first is precisely the one that is located before a person becomes a criminal, before they feel the motivation or desire to be part of an act prohibited by law.
As mentioned above, the education It is one of the fundamental points, since it gives us tools so that we coexist in harmony with society, so that we access a job and maintain ourselves economically legally. In addition, through education we learn to treat ourselves and others in a respectful way, and this can avoid potential problems with drugs, family violence and acts of vandalism, among other punishable behaviors.
Secondary crime prevention is based on the application of techniques focused on young people who are likely to commit crime, especially those who leave their studies during adolescence or become part of a gang. The neighborhoods in which these strategies are put into operation have a very high crime rate, and that is why there is an endless discussion among those who consider that these people do not deserve a second chance and those who struggle to provide it.
When the crime has already occurred, not all is lost, but tertiary prevention comes into action, which aims to prevent recidivism. The prevention of the crime that took place after the attacks stands out in recent history terrorists that hit the United States in 2001. In these cases, the focus is on crime opportunities, and specialists try to reduce them by all means. Two clear examples are the increased difficulty or risks that the commission of a given crime would entail; Simply put, a fence makes it more difficult to break into a home and if we electrify it, physical harm is added to the risk of incarceration.