It is known as blow the act and consequence of hitting, a verb that refers to both physical and symbolic impacts. The Condition, for its part, is a modality that allows to organize a society in a sovereign and coercive way and with authority to regulate the operation of the community within a certain territory.
By combining the definitions of both terms, the notion of coup. It is a violent action carried out by military or rebel forces seeking to keep the government of a Condition. The coup, in this way, supposes the replacement of the existing authorities and the change of command of the state institutions by imposition.
Specifically, to establish the origin of the term we have to go back to the France of the 18th century when it began to be used to refer to all those actions of a violent nature that the king carried out without taking into account the established norms, morally and legally, in the society. The fact that they were undertaken in this way was based on the fact that they were necessary for the common good.
The coup constitutes a violation and lack of recognition of constitutional legitimacy since it violates the legal regulations of arrival and permanence in power. It is possible to distinguish between two main types of coups d’état: the institutional coup It is the one that takes place when certain members of the actual party come to power, while the military coup it is specified by the armed forces. In recent decades, the notion of market hit to refer to the institutional changes that take place due to the pressure of economic groups in conditions to destabilize the economy.
Among the most important coups in history, the one that took place in Spain in 1936 stands out, for example. An action that was carried out against the reigning government at that time, the Second Republic, and that led to the bloodiest time in the country: the Civil War. A warlike conflict that brought horror, desolation and death to the nation and that would end with the establishment of a dictatorship imposed by the rebels led by Francisco Franco.
However, other equally relevant coups d’état have taken place in Spain. Specifically, another of the best known was the bankruptcy that was carried out on February 23, 1981 by Lieutenant Colonel of the Civil Guard Antonio Tejero. A plan that was frustrated thanks to the action of the King and General Alfonso Armada.
So far in the 21st century there have also been various coups d’état around the world. Among the most significant are that of Thailand in 2006 by the army, that of Honduras in 2009 or that of April 2012 in Guinea-Bisaú.
There are several terms that are often used synonymously with a coup but that actually have other meanings. A revolution, for example, it implies profound social change, something that may not be present in a coup. The civil warOn the other hand, it is a military confrontation extended in time between members of the same society (the coup, on the other hand, is a quick action). The rebellions, riots Y riotsFinally, they are collective disobediences with no intention of taking power.