The cosism is a communicative flaw that consists of repeat exaggeratedly the term thing instead of appealing to others nouns more specific. It is a problem of style that can appear in both written and oral language.
Cosism is considered as a discursive vice (concept also known as language vice or of speech) that reflects a bounded lexicon and a difficulty in making use of the nuances and variations offered by a idiom. Sometimes, the origin of this defect is linked to problems in the person’s memory.
The language vices They consist of inappropriate uses of certain words, or of constructions that are incorrect from a grammatical, syntactic or semantic point of view. All this leads us to the emission of a message that is difficult to interpret for the interlocutor. But these errors are not only found in the form of the words, but also in their sound emission: if the diction always fails in the same places, altering certain common points, then communication is affected.
The usual thing is that cosism appears when the individual does not find concepts to name or designate various elements. Suppose someone walks into a hardware store and tells the salesperson: “Good afternoon, I need that thing that is placed over the other smaller thing in a lock”. As you can see, it resorts to the word thing twice in the same expression.
Sometimes the gender of the noun and alludes to a arena: “I can’t find the thing that is used to clean the glasses”.
For the interlocutor, understanding what the person who incurs in cosism wants can be difficult. Yes one woman question “In which drawer will the thing I always use be?”, the listener may not know what they are looking for.
Some broaden the meaning of cosism to include any word that acts like ‘wildcard»In everyday speech, meaning that it is used too often and outside the limits of its meaning. Some very common examples are: case, that, something, matter, question Y done.
Is that cosism goes beyond the “simple” excessive use of a word, since it is also defined as the distortion or alteration of its properties, such as being the type of word to which it belongs. For example, use the word thing as a verb instead of a noun (its true function), as can be seen in the following example: «It’s tomorrow that I’m going to… thing… to the wedding that I mentioned to you”, if in this sentence the sender wanted to say that the next day he will “sing.”
There are many tips and techniques to avoid cosism, which generally aim to speak more slowly and search for the most appropriate words before beginning. Rushing never brings good results in communication, but rather messes it up and, in the long term, makes us lose time because we have to explain our message to the interlocutor. Despite this, it is very common for us to stumble when speaking because of impatience or enthusiasm.
In the field of philosophy, on the other hand, cosism is a doctrine that postulates that the totality of the existing elements are specific entities that can be perceived with the senses.
It is important not to confuse this concept with that of reification, which is defined as the reduction of a person to a thing, to an object, particularly when they are treated as a source of sexual pleasure and their intellect and emotions are overlooked.