From Latin conservato, the conservation is the action and effect of conserving (maintain, care for or save something, continue a practice of customs). The term has applications in the field of nature, the feeding and the biology, among others.
The environmental Conservation or species conservationFor example, it refers to the protection of animals, plants and the planet in general. This conservation aims to guarantee the subsistence of human beings, fauna and flora, avoiding contamination and the depredation of resources.
Protection of animals and plants
The creation of protected areas (such as natural reserves or national parks) is one of the most frequent policies for environmental conservation. In these spaces, human activity is restricted. In addition to governments, there are numerous organizations that work for the natural conservation, What Greenpeace or WWF.
The state of conservation It is the indicator that reflects the probability that a species continues to exist in the short or long term. It is based on the characteristics of the current population and on the trends exhibited over time.
Conservation of artistic works
However, we cannot ignore the fact that the term that concerns us within what is art is also fundamental. Specifically, it is used to refer to the task in which experts carry out the maintenance of all types of works and are in charge of carrying out the necessary restoration tasks.
In order for future generations to be able to fully enjoy sculptures or paintings, for example, it is the fundamental objective that the conservation and restoration works that operate, therefore, with everything that are carried out, is carried out. it is the cultural heritage of a country.
To achieve this purpose, the professionals of the sector undertake the analysis of the works of art, the pertinent documentation about them, the care of all of them and of the collections to which they belong, as well as the pertinent treatment that is deemed appropriate to correct cracks. or to remove accumulated dirt, among other functions.
Prevention, cure and restoration
In this sense, we could establish that there are three types of conservation within this area:
• The preventive, which, as its name indicates, is the one in charge of undertaking certain actions to avoid in this way that the work in question may suffer subsequent damage.
• The curative, which is developed to stop the damage that an artistic work is suffering and also to reinforce it.
• Restoration, which is designed to allow any work to be appreciated and understood in a much better way.
The food preservation, on the other hand, consists of various techniques to prolong the life and availability of the meal for humans or animals. Dehydration, pasteurization, adding salt, smoking, and freezing are some of the most common procedures.
It is known as canned food The result of a food handling process that allows it to be preserved in good condition for a long period of time. Thanks to this process, the action of microorganisms that can alter the sanitary conditions of the food is avoided.