Making, which has its origin in the Latin word confectio, is a term that refers to the action of preparing or doing certain things from a mixture or of a combination other. It is possible, in this sense, to make clothes, medicines, perfumes, etc.
For instance: “The manufacture of this dress is faulty: I’m going to complain at the store”, “It took me several hours but the making of the curtain is already finished”, “Dr. Staindbrush is still working on an antidote”.
The most common use of the notion of clothing is found in the textile industry. In general, the action of making is linked to the cut, since they are essential activities for the creation of clothing. People dedicated to sewing, dressmakers and the tailors are some of the specialists who are dedicated to clothing.
It is therefore possible to differentiate between garments that are offered ready-made and those that are custom-made. The former are usually made in different sizes so that the buyer can choose the one that best suits his body. In custom tailoring, on the other hand, the buyer’s exact body measurements are taken and the dressmaker is in charge of making the garment according to these parameters.
In colloquial language, the idea of confection is used to name various things that they are assembled or made from the union of parts: “For the preparation of this report, we had to analyze dozens of investigations and studies on the subject”.
From an industrial perspective, the manufacture of garments is defined as a series of manufacturing activities that lead to the creation of clothing, from a design carried out previously and with the help of the appropriate technological tools to optimize the necessary processes.
In the manufacture of garments, two stages can be distinguished: preproduction and the production.
It is a series of operations that must be carried out before starting with the actual preparation of certain decisions that must be taken to shape the work, and they are the following:
* management policies: they are the guidelines of the management of a company, which are established in this initial stage so that designers have a frame of reference for their job. In small businesses, these policies are usually set by the designers themselves before starting production;
* clothing design and pattern: the selection of the pattern and the design, the analysis of the catalog of models and the making of the model garment;
* raw material supply: according to decisions taken up to this point, it is necessary to determine which suppliers offer the fabrics and supplies necessary for the manufacture of the garments, what are their prices, their conditions, how long it takes to make the shipments, and so on.
When the initial stage has been completed and the bases of the work have been established, it is time to make the garments, for which a series of steps must be followed in sequence: molding of samples; progression; tizado and top; cut; pre-sewing; sewing; junction; merged; endings; labelled; packing.
Finally, it is important to highlight that throughout the two stages just described, the QA, which focuses on fabrics and supplies, the process and equipment used, and the finished product. Although there are procedures common to all companies, the quality control methods are specific to each one and are consistent with their way of preparing the garments.