Conditioned responseAnswer It is the answer that one person gives to another when it is called or requested. The term is also used to name the reaction to a stimulus or the satisfaction of a concern. Conditioned, for its part, is that linked to a condition.

The idea of ​​conditioned response is related to a form of learning by association. The subject learns to provide a certain response after a certain stimulus.

To understand more easily how conditioned responses work, it is very useful to study what is called unconditional answer. There are responses that are natural, such as a sneeze before a particle that enters the nostrils. These natural responses, which do not require learning, are unconditioned.

Conditional responses, on the other hand, arise from the experience. The subject is exposed to the conditioned stimulus (not natural) and responds in a certain way. From experience, therefore, learning arises.

A conditioned response, for example, may be the fear of dogs. A child is not born with a natural fear of it animal. However, if his parents are afraid of dogs and raise the little one warning him about how dangerous these animals can be, the individual will end up developing this fear. In this way, when facing a dog, it will give a conditioned response.

Although we do not like to admit it, people live limited by many walls that arise as a result of experiences similar to the fear of dogs, some more profound and difficult to recognize than others. Social structures impose all kinds of restrictions on us, and this begins with parenting and continues when we begin to face the outside world: diverse fears, rejection of new ideas, different tastes for men and women, and even “needs”; Before we can explore ourselves, culture teaches us the path it expects us to travel.

It is common to use the conditioned response as a training method to get various animal species to work for man, whether in circus and amusement park shows or in the field of a security force. A sea ​​Wolf You may learn that if you do certain tricks, your trainer will reward you with fish. In this way, it will give conditioned responses to certain orders while waiting for the reward.

Conditioned responseThe human being usually relies on the degree of connection that he establishes with the animals through this type of training to judge their intelligence. This can be valid up to a certain point, since if an individual understands the indications of another and acts as the latter expects, it cannot be denied that he has the ability to understand concepts beyond the limits of his own culture; However, it is an obtuse and incomplete vision, since in order to effectively measure the intelligence of a living being it is necessary first of all to know all the aspects of its species, its needs, its way of thinking, its communication.

Let’s see below the three phases that are recognized in the learning of a conditioned response:

* pre-purchase: the subject receives the stimuli in an isolated way and without associating them, so that the evaluation of the responses to each one is possible without being confused with those corresponding to another. All responses that exceed the limits of the experiment must be properly recognized through a procedure called unpaired control system, which allows to calculate the value of the conditioned response with great precision;

* acquisition: the strength of the conditioned response begins to grow, both from the point of view of its duration and its intensity. If desired, it is possible to go to a last phase;

* extinction: It is intended to make the conditioned response disappear, although this is not completely achieved, since there are always residues in the mind, so recovering it is relatively easy.