Comparatism is a term derived from the French word comparison. This is how a current of the linguistics emerged at the beginning of XIX century which aims to analyze and establish the genetic relationships that exist between tongues.

ComparatismComparatism can be understood as a method. One of its promoters was the German linguist Franz bopp (17911867), focusing on the similarities between European languages and the Sanskrit.

Comparatism made it possible to understand that all calls Indo-European languages share a relationship. This means that they arose from a single mother tongue and then they were naturally transformed.

What comparatism does is compare languages ​​and recognize correspondences between their grammatical components. With the passing of weather, the same comparative method was used to study other linguistic families.

The search for primitive languages and the definition of family groups constitute the central interest of comparatism. These works explain why Languages As the English and the German, or the Portuguese and the Castilian, are similar in features of their grammar and vocabulary: this is because they evolved from a common primitive language, with which they are part of the same family of languages.

It is important to mention that in a linguistic family they can be recognized subfamilies. In the family of Indo-European languages ​​there are Slavic languages (As the Polish and the Russian) and Romance languages (As the Castilian and the Italian), to mention two examples.

The notion of comparatism, on the other hand, is used in a broader sense to refer to the investigative method that allows the comparison of phenomena that are comparable. Thus it can be spoken of historical comparatism, artistic comparatism, etc.