Civil, with origin in the Latin word civīlis, is an adjective that can be used in various ways. The first meaning mentioned in the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) refers to what is linked to citizens wave citizenship. For instance: “With a group of neighbors we created a civil association to help needy people in the neighborhood”.
The notion is often used to name something that it is not ecclesiastical or military. The idea from civil AviationIn this sense, it refers to air transport that is not linked to the army (that is, to military aviation). The Civil marriage, for its part, is specified by a state authority, unlike religious marriage.
The civil disobedience It is a method of protest that implies not complying with any mandate imposed by the State. It is a resistance exercised by a citizen, without taking refuge in an institution, and practiced peacefully. A man who is summoned to fight in a war can exercise civil disobedience and not heed the call. This type of behavior, in general, usually has some type of punishment.
Is named civil war, on the other hand, to the warlike conflict in which two or more factions made up of citizens and not the military confront each other. In a conventional war, the confrontation occurs between armies.
Another way of defining the civil concept is to focus on the fact that the political axes that face each other in a warlike way belong to the same State, the conflict takes place in the same country. This feature undeniably differentiates it from conventional warfare. In this case, the problem is not caused by cause of a nationalist question (although there may be a nuance of this type) but rather an ideological one.
Examples of civil wars exist for many centuries and in various parts of the world. Between the years 306 and 324, for example, the Civil war of the Roman Tetrarchy, one of the most relevant of its time, in which the Empire was divided into four territories ruled by emperors, who fought to get the domain Of the territory.
The An Lushan Rebellion, on the other hand, occurred between 755 and 763 in China, where a group of rebels fought for the founding of a new dynasty, called Yan, and managed to disintegrate the Tang dynasty. We can also mention the civil wars that constituted the so-called Guelph-Ghibelline Conflict, between 1125 and 1382, which pitted many supporters of the Germanic Emperor against the Papal States.
Already in the nineteenth century, there were cases whose wounds still remain open, as was the case of the Argentine civil war, a conflict that lasted for almost seven decades from 1814 and that had as protagonists the Federals and the Unitarians. Over the years, several confrontations took place, until their final conclusion in 1880, after the Battle of the Old Corrals.
Nor can we fail to mention the Spanish Civil War, which began after the coup d’état of 1936, in charge of a portion of the armed forces, did not obtain the desired results and led to a crisis economical. It is a very complex page of Spanish history, which includes struggles against the dictatorship, clashes between different classes, opposition of religious and nationalist positions, all bathed in blood and often similar accusations.
On the ground of right, the idea of civil refers to interests and relationships of a private nature, which belong to the individual or family sphere. Thats why he civil law is the branch of law in charge of the regulation of private ties between citizens.