The responsibility It is the commitment of a moral nature that arises from an eventual mistake or a fault that a person commits. The concept also refers to the obligation to repair and compensate the damage caused.
In the field of straight, responsibility is understood as the ability of a subject to recognize and admit the effects of an action that he did with freedom. Based on this capacity, the individual can be tried and sentenced when his conduct involves a crime.
The notion of civil liability refers to the obligation of a subject of fix, through a monetary compensation, damage that has caused another person. Typically, civil liability forces the person responsible for the year to pay a compensation for the damages it caused.
Civil liability can have different origins. In some cases, it involves the violation of a contract and the fault can be easily demonstrated. For example: if a person hires an architect to design and direct the construction of a house but, a few months later, the architect disappears, the victim can sue him and the architect must assume his responsibility.
There are numerous cases of this type, and many of them are based on discrimination or exploitation by the worker who undertakes to complete a project for his client, for reasons of social class or economic resources. For example, some professionals take many of these jobs at the same time, knowing that they will not be able to meet all of them within the timeframe they have promised, and that is why they prioritize deals with the wealthiest people, (probably hoping to be able to convince them to expand the projects) and leave out the rest, either for a while or definitely.
According to the doctrine In modern times, when a contractual relationship is breached (such as the construction of a house for a client), not only the direct damages (such as that the architect does not complete the project or that he does not even begin to carry it out), but a series of complications derived from them because of what the law calls accumulation of responsibilities.
Said responsibilities exceed the limits of the contract, since they arise naturally for logical reasons, which it is not necessary to mention in it; for example, the obligation to maintain frequent contact with clients by some means of communication, either to inform them of the progress of the work or to request more time to complete it. If these extra-contractual responsibilities are not fulfilled, damages may arise that aggravate the case (such as an extraordinary expense to pay for the stay in a hotel until the end of the project).
In other situations, liability is more difficult to prove. A doctor It can be sued by a patient who believes that the professional did not act responsibly, while the doctor assures that he did.
The interests in a lawsuit of this nature they play a very important role, and tend to generate interference that leaves the purest reasons for the problem last. On the one hand, if the injured party is the family member of a person who has died after alleged malpractice, they are likely to want to remove the doctor from his position without listening to his explanations or considering the fact that we can all make mistakes, even of this severity; the professional, on the other hand, will do everything possible to protect their work, and many do not hesitate to manipulate the truth without limits to avoid condemnation.
It should be noted that civil liability is indemnity (seeks to compensate for the damage caused), unlike the criminal responsibility that is punitive (punishes the lack).