The term chronography comes from late latin chronograph, in turn derived from the Greek word chronograph. This is how the description of various events or characters chronologically: that is, according to a chronology (a temporal order).
The chronography is part of the literary figures. Lets describe the weather in which an event or an element is framed, contributing to its understanding from these mentions to the temporal.
It may be stated that chronography helps immerse yourself in the time of a text. Through details, he manages to evoke and define a time period, which can be a year, a season, a day, etc.
It is common for chronography to be used in Chronicles. This figure places the reader in the temporal context and thus can better understand the events that are narrated.
Let’s see a example chronography: “It was a cold winter morning when the residents of the San Agustín neighborhood woke up startled by an explosion. In those early hours of June 29, 1985, the history of this small community changed and would never be the same again. Days passed and the trauma of the inhabitants intensified … “. As can be seen, this text appeals to the chronography by mentioning a date and a season before proceeding with the information about the episode itself.
The chronograph may also appear on a colloquial conversation, without the person consciously decide to use: “The last time I swam in the sea was in the summer of 2002, when I visited my grandfather in Playa Dorada, where he lived. It was so hot! Months later my grandfather passed away and since then I have not returned to the coastal area “.
Like almost any other communication resource, chronography is not always useful or aesthetic, although if used at the right time and in the right context it can give incomparable results. This is because each message must be governed by certain parameters, such as tone, language and the interlocutor to whom it is addressed, and the combination of these factors does not always allow the elaboration of a speech with data chronological.
In a chronicle It works perfectly, since this literary genre, which is included in historiography, is based on compiling a series of historical events that are presented in the same order in which they occurred. Both in this term and in chronography we have the component chronos, which in Greek refers to “time.” We could not relate a series of real events without locating the reader in the epochs in which they took place, since they would lose strength and meaning.
However, in a text where the important thing is the sentimental level of the characters, for example, at the very moment of the narration, it is not necessary to relate in great detail everything that refers to the location in time. Imagine a suspenseful story that begins when the main character wakes up in a darkened room, where a beam of light simply filters through a hole in the ceiling. He does not know where he is or what has happened to him. It would probably not be appropriate to begin the narrative by placing the reader on a specific date and historical period, unless that really served to help him believe in the facts that will take place later.
If the protagonist had to face certain tortures that took place in a specific period of the history, or if the architecture of the streets and the types of means of transport were relevant when escaping from the place, then we could resort to chronography.