The term chronic comes from the Latin word chronĭcus, which has its most distant etymological antecedent in Greek chronika. The concept is used in different ways according to the context.
In the field of medicine, a chronic condition is the one who extends in time and what happens habitual for the patient. These diseases usually have a slow progression.
The genetics, the harmful habits and the absence of formal education are factors that can influence when acquiring and developing a chronic disease. It is important to bear in mind that chronic illnesses are generally incurable.
The chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the Mellitus diabetes and the heart failure are some of the most common chronic diseases. Sometimes the risk of contracting these conditions is reduced by adopting a healthy lifestyle: avoiding the smoking, for example, it minimizes the chances of suffering COPD.
The chronic painMeanwhile, it is an annoying and unpleasant sensation that is experienced for at least several weeks. It can be caused by a infection, a injury or a tumor, to indicate some possibilities, although sometimes there is no obvious cause.
It is important to note that there are two kinds of pain from a clinical point of view, and the other is called acute. One of its most contrasting characteristics with the chronic one is that it does not usually extend for very long periods (the latter can last several years). Acute pain is associated with a kind of “warning” or “alert” to the body about the presence of an injury, and it is common for it to fade as the body returns to good health.
The long duration of chronic pain, in addition to its magnitude and its different locations in the body, cause negative consequences that are added to the merely physical ones: social problems due to not being able to work, study or even relate normally, can be add cases of anger, depression, frustration, anxiety or low self-esteem. Sleep disturbances, sudden mood swings, and tiredness constant are other frequent complications.
Broadly speaking, the symptoms that chronic pain patients usually present are distinguished by the part of the body they affect (which can be the back or head, among others) and by the underlying causes (arthritis, cancer and damage to the some nerve are three very common examples). Regarding the characteristics of pain, according to the description that those who suffer from it make of it, we can indicate that it is a discomfort that is accompanied by stiffness, a sensation of pressure and stinging, burning and palpitations, in addition to being a pain “Deaf”, that is to say that although it is not so intense it is persistent and not exactly easy to locate.
To carry out a diagnosis of chronic pain, the doctor must begin by investigating the history of Health of the patient. The latter, for his part, should offer you as detailed a description as possible, indicating the location, intensity and frequency, so that the treatment is adequate and effective. Since the causes can be varied, certain tests are usually indicated to rule out some diseases.
That ingrained or that has been dragging on for a long time weather it can also be classified as chronic. A journalist, to cite one case, may mention that the floods They are a chronic problem of a city. This reporter makes this statement since, for a century, the town has always flooded when it rains, a reality that is linked to the lack of infrastructure works that allow the water to be channeled properly.