Christmas is a term of Latin origin that means birth, and names the party that is carried out on the occasion of the arrival of Jesus Christ to our world. The term is also used to refer to the day it is celebrated: the December 25th (for Catholic, Anglican, Romanian Orthodox and some Protestant churches) or the January 7th (for Orthodox churches that did not adopt the Gregorian calendar).
Although the tradition indicates that the birth of Christ there was a December 25th in Belen, historians believe that the true nativity of Jesus took place between April Y may.
This theory is based on geographical issues that cannot be denied: for example, it is known that in the northern hemisphere the month of December coincides with winter, which puts in doubt that the shepherds have been outdoors, that the sky of that night has been crashed, all elements of the events narrated in the texts biblical.
Anyway, the church Católica made the decision to keep the conventional date of Christmas. It is believed that his reasons were that it coincided with the pagan rites for the solstice. In fact, there were important celebrations that took place on December 25th even before the birth of Christ: the Capac Raymi of the Incas, the Natalis Solis Invicti of the romans and others.
For Christianity, the celebration of Christmas involves several traditions. A banquet is usually held that begins at the dinner of the Dec. 24 and runs until after midnight (that is, until the day of birth), they arm nativity scenes or mangers (models of Bethlehem representing the nativity), they are sung Christmas carols and a tree.
Christmas has transcended the limits of religion and its symbol is Santa Claus (also know as St nicolas Y Santa claus), a character inspired by a Greek bishop, who is in charge of bringing gifts to children around the world at midnight on December 25.
The negative tints of Christmas
As mentioned above, the celebration of Christmas is no longer necessarily linked to the Christian tradition, nor to a belief religious. Almost on the contrary, the most pompous celebrations are carried out by atheists, or by people who do not practice religion in an orthodox way, and they focus on food and gifts, on the sophisticated and showy of the tree and on the numerous of family gatherings.
A typical middle-class family, generally made up of a father and a mother who work a minimum of forty hours a week each, and two children, usually spends the equivalent of a minimum wage between decorations, Christmas Eve dinner and the gifts. This supposed need, which turns Christmas into a materialistic date, brings a discomfort in the previous days and a forced budget adjustment in the following days.
The crisis has certainly had an impact on this custom; But not to get into reasons and choose to enjoy this iconic date in a more spontaneous way, but to cut expenses so that it is not necessary to do without any element of the celebration.
It is curious that a celebration that began as a religious tradition, somehow indispensable for those who adopt Christianity, worries non-believers more and subjects them to a series of carefully designed and rigidly structured obligations. Regardless of mystical beliefs, it is undeniable that an interesting combination of attitudes and feelings revolves around Christmas, such as surrender, fault and suffering.