Chorus, from Latin chorus (although with more remote origin in the Greek language), it is the set of the persons that, in a musical function, sing the same piece simultaneously. For instance: “Valeria sings in the church choir”, “The Canadian artist came to the country with his musicians and a ten-member choir”, “After the instrumental introduction, the choir should begin to sing the first verse”.
The chorus, therefore, is the vocal group that interprets a piece in a coordinated way. Typically, the chorus is made up of different types of voices (i.e. voices with different strings).
In a professional choir, the soprano carry the tune principal, being accompanied by mezzo-sopranos, contracts, tenors, baritones or low. The most common formation of a choir includes sopranos, alto, tenors and basses.
You can classify the chorus in different ways. A a cappella choir is the one who sings without any accompaniment instrumental, which is opposed to the configuration of a concert choir.
The choir, according to its members, can be a mixed vocal quartet (with four singers, one per tessitura), a octet (a duplicate mixed quartet), a chamber choir (with between ten and twenty singers) or a symphonic choir (with more than twenty members).
Culturally, the vocational choir can fulfill a very important function in a society, since it usually brings together many people with a passion for music but without the technique or training necessary to aspire to one professional. Although they are not usually well regarded by the purists of academic music, who are looking for groups of great prestige, more than one choir of this nature surprises by the quality of their interpretations.
In academic music there is great contempt for the lack of theoretical knowledge typical of the popular environment; However, knowing how to read sheet music has not been and is not the key to interpret a piece properly. On the other hand, it is true that ignorance of the Musical language it represents a barrier that only a few can successfully cross without its limitations becoming apparent. And it is that the complexity of certain compositions makes it almost impossible to learn them by ear, unless you have an unusual talent.
Singing in a choir requires a series of skills, which are possible to acquire if you have aptitudes basic musicals. In the first place, there is the need to sing in a coordinated way with a group of people; This is especially difficult when works have rhythmic irregularities or very complex harmonies.
But in addition to the merely musical plane, generally the choirs address pieces in various tongues, among which is Latin, for which it becomes necessary to learn the meaning and phonetics of many terms, seeking to understand the intention of the author, to offer a good interpretation.
The role of director It is perhaps the most difficult, and also the least appreciated, since it is the person in charge of guiding all the choristers in the hard process of learning the works, giving them advice to improve the technical and interpretive aspects. As if coordinating dozens of singers was not a complicated enough task, the conductor must pay attention to the tuning and execution of each voice at all times, to warn and correct mistakes before they become vices.
Choir is also a piece of music with diatonic melodies and simple rhythms or a monodic song that takes place in the liturgy of the churches (As the Gregorian singing). The term, on the other hand, is used to name the fragment of a song performed by a group of voices (“The structure of the theme includes three stanzas, a chorus, three other stanzas and the repetition of the chorus”).