A charango it’s a musical instrument commonly used in the region of the Andes. It’s about a string instrument that resembles a guitar, although it is much smaller.
The most common charango has five double strings. Its origins date back to century XVIII, when his soundboard was made with the shell of a armadillo (a mammalian animal whose carapace is made up of bone pieces covered by horny plates that move).
Currently, the charango box is generally made with semi-hard or hard wood, trying to imitate the structure and shape of the armadillo’s shell. It is common for box, the mast and the pegbox in oneself Unit, without there being separate parts.
The woods that are used most frequently to make charangos are cedar, Walnut, carob tree, mahogany Y larch, among other. In some cases even the pegs are made of wood, although there are also metal pegs.
The charango is used in various folkloric rhythms of Latin America, As the huiano and the cueca. The musician who plays the charango is known as charanguista.
Among the most famous charanguistas in history are the Argentine Jaime Torres, the bolivian Mauro Nunez and the chilean Roberto Marquez. It is also possible to find women who stand out for their talent with the charango like Marcela morelo.
It is interesting to note that, in tribute to the aforementioned Mauro Nunez, Bolivia celebrate the National Charango Day each January 15. On said date of 1902 the prestigious musician was born, who died in 1973.