The doctrine of the centralists is he centralism. This current of thought is linked to political centralization or administration of a territory.
The notion of centralism, therefore, refers to a state organization system in which the decisions of the government they come from a single center, without taking into account the different peoples they affect. This means that the central government is responsible for political decisions.
There are various types of centralism. However, among all of them, we could mention what has historically been called Sevillian centralism. It is a term that is intended to refer to the weight that was attributed to both the city of Seville and its entire province with respect to political, administrative, social or cultural issues related to Andalusia and even all of Spain.
Currently a reflection of this is that the city of Seville is the capital of the Andalusian autonomous community, where the most important regional bodies at a political level are located, such as the Junta de Andalucía.
Historically, we cannot ignore the fact that in Spain what was called Bourbon centralism took place. The eighteenth century is when the one that begins when a new dynasty, the Bourbons, arrives in the country and it is one of them, Felipe V, who assumes the throne.
From that moment, he will decide to bet on establishing his ideas regarding what the structure of the State would be. Specifically, it imposed centralizing measures such as the abolition of certain fueros, established an absolute monarchy, made changes in what was the territorial administration, created the Dispatch Secretariats and eliminated the Councils, with the exception of the Council of Castile.
In the same way, he adopted measures to unify the tax system and tried to establish the necessary actions so that the monarchy had a supreme power over all, including the Church.
It is possible to distinguish between pure centralism and the deconcentrated centralism. Pure centralism is the model that bets on the administrative, political and territorial unit. In it, the central power dictates all rules and manages the services related to the administration of the country. Pure centralism is justified on the basis of the need to maintain national unity and cohesion.
The deconcentrated centralism, for its part, is based on the transfer of ownership of a competence from an administrative body to another body of the same public administration, but hierarchically independent.
It is known as democratic centralism to the organizational model of Marxist-Leninist parties, which combine centralism in decision-making with democracy to maximize efficiency. Democratic centralism, in this sense, is opposed to the bureaucracy and to the forms of organization of other Marxist parties.
The decisions of democratic centralism are discussed in organs of different hierarchies, where the debates circulate from the bottom up and vice versa. This means that, although the decision is made in the higher hierarchy, the exchange of opinions enables the participation of the rank and file in the can.