Even Latin you have to leave, symbolically speaking, in order to find the etymological origin of the central term that concerns us now. In doing so we discover that it comes from the word “centralis”, which is made up of two components: the noun “centrum”, which is synonymous with “center”, and the suffix “-al”, which is equivalent to “relative to” .
Central is that belonging to or relative to center. This term has a wide variety of uses: it can be the interior point equidistant from the limits of a figure or a surface; of space where coordinate actions converge; of the region that concentrates the busiest streets of a population; from the institute that develops research or studies; of the end for which you feel attraction; or of objective to which one aspires.
Most of these meanings can be linked to the notion of central. The central, therefore, may be something that is in the physical center. For example: “The central shelf is somewhat arched, we would have to take the weight off it”, “All those paintings are beautiful, but the one I like the most is the central one”.
The place that is between two extremes also known as central: “The most beautiful beaches in the world are in Central America”, “It is not clear to me which countries are part of Central Europe”.
Central, on the other hand, can be the basics or essentials of something: “I have some disagreements with the president, but I support his central policies”, “The central hypothesis of the researchers has surprised the family”.
At the business level, the use of central is used to refer to the main headquarters of an industry that has several buildings or premises distributed throughout a city or the country. That will be the center of operation, management and resources of the rest of the establishments.
The facilities where it is produced electric power They are also called a central, regardless of the means they use: “The protesters asked to close the nuclear power plant”, “The construction of a hydroelectric plant always generates changes in the environment”.
Nor can we ignore that this word that we are analyzing is inextricably linked to certain words to create a very specific term. Thus, for example, there is the one known as central heating, which is one that is identified because it gives heat to an entire building from a single source.
In the same way, there is the Central General Staff. It is a military body that becomes the superior both in what would be the Navy and the Army.
The footballer who acts in the center of the countryside, the main facilities of a organization and the entity that exercises its action over an entire territory are designated as central: “The Uruguayan center-back was booked and will not be able to play the next game”, “The central office is located in Lima”, “The mayors expressed their disgust with the central government”.
Likewise, we can also determine that in Spain in 2000 a television program called “La central” was broadcast. Jesús Vázquez was the presenter of this late-night that was set up by an intelligence center. It was within this framework that everything from interviews to spaces for cultural or sexual dissemination took place.
In the same way, we must also speak of “Central Hospital”. It is a series that, by number of chapters, is the longest on television in Spain. It was broadcast on Telecinco for twelve years and narrated the day-to-day life of the doctors, orderlies and nurses in a hospital center.