Cardon is a term that comes from thistle (a plant that is usually about one meter high, with leaves provided with thorns and edible stalks). The concept can refer to different species of plants.
The first meaning that recognizes the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) indicates that cardón is synonymous with carddencha. In this case, it is a plant that belongs to the Dipsacáceae family group.
Scientific name Dipsacus fullonum, The cardón or cardencha has a thorny stem and is native to the European continent. This plant purifying and diuretic properties are attributed to it.
This cardón is used by pelaires: the individuals who are dedicated to the preparation of the wool with which it will later be woven. These people resort to the cardón to, on the perch, remove the hair to the cloths. That is why the act and the result of removing the hair from the cloths before they are cast (the process that is carried out to equalize the hair) is also called cardón.
In many Latin American countries, on the other hand, multiple types of cactus or Cactus. Cardones, in this way, are species that grow in regions with a desert climate and are characterized by the thorns that protect their globose stem.
The province of Jump, in the north of the Argentinian republic, count with one National Park called Los Cardones. In its area of more than 64,000 hectares, cardones of the species abound Trichocereus pasacana, whose specimens are usually named as cardón de la sierra or Cardón de la Puna.