The first step that we are going to take is to know the etymological origin of the term carbohydrates that we are now dealing with. Specifically, we have to state that it is a word that derives from Greek, specifically it is the result of the sum of two lexical components of that language:
-The noun “glykys”, which can be translated as “sweet”.
-The suffix “-ido”, which is used in the field of chemistry to refer to “derived from”.
This is how the organic substance composed of oxygen, hydrogen Y carbon, in which the first two elements appear in a ratio of two to one.
Also called carbohydrates or carbohydrates, carbohydrates are biomolecules which provide Energy to living things, either for immediate use or for storage. These molecules have covalent bonds that are difficult to break.
Thanks to carbohydrates, people obtain the necessary energy to develop their neuronal and muscular activity. That is why athletes tend to consume foods with high amounts of carbohydrates (such as pasta), as they help them to perform intense physical efforts. The carbohydrates they also allow body temperature and blood pressure to remain stable.
Carbohydrates, therefore, must always be present in the diet because they are a source of Energy. Although many believe that these substances cause weight gain, what is actually fattening is excess calories (calories that are not burned are converted into fat).
In addition to providing energy to the body, carbohydrates are considered necessary to be present in the diet of any person if they want to carry out a healthy, complete and balanced diet. And it is that these elements bring with them another important series of benefits, among which the following stand out:
-They help what is muscle development.
-They allow you to keep your cholesterol levels under control.
-They promote what is heart health.
-They help the brain to be in the best conditions.
-In the same way, it should not be overlooked that another important benefit of carbohydrates being present in the diet is that they help reduce or prevent situations such as anxiety, stress and even depression. They do this because they favor the production of serotonin.
-Also, it must be taken into account that the prolonged and controlled consumption of certain carbohydrates favors not only the burning of fat but also weight loss. This would be the case, for example, of foods such as oats.
According to their characteristics, it is possible to distinguish between different classes of carbohydrates. The simplest, which have a single molecule, are called monosaccharides. In this group we can find the ribose Yet the glucose. Carbohydrates made up of two monosaccharides, such as saccharose and the lactose, are known as disaccharides.
When the carbohydrate has between three and nine molecules monosaccharides, it is called oligosaccharide. There are also the polysaccharides, whose structure is composed of ten or more monosaccharides.