Bust is a term that originates etymologically from the Latin word bustum. This Latin word was used specifically with two meanings: as a synonym for the bonfire where the deceased were cremated and as a monument that was usually placed on the tomb of the deceased. And it is that it came from the verb “burere”, which was equivalent to “burn”.
The current term has different uses. It can be used to name the upper region of body structure of a person Yet the artistic work that portrays said sector of the body.
For instance: “I remember that, at the entrance of my grandmother’s house, there was a bust of a Roman emperor”, “The museum denounced that a visitor attacked the bust of Aristotle that was part of an exhibition”, “The French artist became famous throughout the region thanks to his busts made with marble”.
The busts, in the field of art, are representations of the aforementioned area of the body. The concept is usually applied to name a statue or sculpture, although it can also be a He drew, a painting or other kind of creation. In a bust, it is possible to notice the head of the represented individual, his shoulders and a part of the chest.
Throughout the History of Art, there are many busts that have been made with the clear objective of praising the figure of a specific character. This would be the case, for example, of the following:
• Bust of Cardinal Richelieu. In the Parisian museum of the Louvre is where you can admire this work, which was made by Bernini and which comes to represent one of the ecclesiastical figures who had the most power in his hands during the reign of Louis XIII.
• Bust of Nefertiti. Tutmose was the sculptor who carried out this work, also called the Mona Lisa of Amarna, which is considered one of the best examples of Egyptian art. It is dated to 1,330 BC and represents Akhenaten’s wife.
• Bust of Trajan. In the Glyptotek of Munich is where you can currently admire this sculpture that was carried out with the clear objective of flattering and emphasizing the role of the Roman emperor.
• Bust of Julius Caesar. Many are the busts that they made of this other emperor. However, the last of them was found a few years ago in Arles, specifically along the Rhone. The piece is made of marble and has been dated to 46 BC.
Historians claim that romans they were the ones who popularized the presentation of their most prominent personalities in bust. Thanks to the fact that the sculptors used very resistant materials, many busts or fragments of them have been preserved to this day.
The notion of bust, on the other hand, can be used to name the chest of the members of the Female gender. Who speaks of the bust of a woman, therefore, you are referring to your moms or breasts: “Maria is a woman with a prominent bust”, “It is important that you go to a gynecologist to check your bust and make sure that everything is in order”, “A branch fell from the tree and hit me on the bust”.