It is called blues yet musical genre that arose in the American South from compositions and interpretations of women and african american men. The blues was born as a vocal musical form and then it evolved into multiple styles.
According to specialists, the origins of the blues date back to XIX century, while the oldest recordings date from the decade of 1920. It should be noted that the concept of blues, typical of the English language, is associated with the sadness, the anguish and the melancholia.
Characteristics of the blues
The blues generally has a structure of twelve bars and a rhythm known as shuffle. The spiritual (a type of religious song), the so-called field cries and the sequence of musical phrases called de call and answer are part of the songs of this genre.
Another of the peculiarities of the blues is the importance it gives to the guitar. Musicians often resort to techniques such as slide and the bend to generate different sound effects.
The harmonica it also tends to have prominence in the blues. In this instrument, the use of the cross harp, a technique popularized by Sonny Boy Williamson I.
In its early days, the blues was strongly linked to the tradition of the oral narration. Through the blues, the artist shared his hardships, often making reference to racism, police brutality and other problems suffered by members of the African-American community.
The early blues featured a line that was repeated three times. Currently the most frequent formula consists of a line that is repeated once and that precedes a final line.
The religion it also used to be present in the older blues. While some composers included Christian messages, others spread Yoruba beliefs.
Main exponents of the blues
Great musicians and singers have managed to stay in the history for his contributions to the blues. Bessie smith, Leroy Carr and Robert Johnson, for example, they shone in the early days.
These figures were joined by other references such as Muddy waters, Willie dixon, John lee hooker and BB King. With its growth, the blues transcended the African-American population and even left the borders Americans. In this way they began to stand out Johnny winter, Janis joplin, Eric Clapton and Stevie ray vaughan, to point out some artists.
Regarding the blues in Spanish, the members of the band are often mentioned as pioneers Manal. This Argentine trio, formed by the bassist and singer Alejandro Medina, the guitarist Claudio Gabis and the drummer Javier Martinez, edited his first album on 1970.
Influence on other genres
As it became popular, the blues soon influenced other genres such as rock, the jazz and the country. Even musicians associated with different styles ventured into the blues or developed works that merge it with other types of manifestations.
Elvis presley, Miles Davis, Louis Armstrong, The Rolling Stones, Led zeppelin and Bob dylan, among others, have registered important songs of blues in its discs and including subjects in its repertoire.