Biomedicine is a term formed by the compositional element bio- (which refers to living beings, life or the biological) and the noun medicine (referring to the set of techniques and knowledge that allow to prevent, diagnose, treat and / or rehabilitate the different diseases that can affect a person).
Biomedicine is understood as analysis of the biological dimension of medicine. The concept makes mention of the group formed by various disciplines that are dedicated to investigating, among other questions, how the molecules and the cells in the development of diseases.
The cell biology, the biochemistry, the microbiology, the molecular pharmacology and the biomedical engineering, for example, are part of what is understood by biomedicine. It is important to underline that the contributions of biomedicine are both theoretical and practical.
Goals of biomedicine
Beyond its contribution to the development of theoretical bases that allow increasing scientific knowledge, biomedicine aims to create drugs and techniques that are useful for diagnosing and treating different diseases of the Health. Its developments are based on the study of the molecular structure of pathologies.
By examining the interactions that take place between molecules, biomedical experts can come to understand how the body works dynamically. This favors the detection of disorders and their possible solution in the least invasive and aggressive way possible.
Arrive at a early diagnostic; get more effective drugs and with fewer adverse effects; and design new treatments are some of the goals of biomedicine.
Achievements of this field of study
The advances made by biomedicine in recent years are very important. In any case, the specialists maintain that there is a long way to go and that the impact of the discoveries on the future it will be even greater.
The genome sequencing and the sequencing DNA are two of the achievements associated with biomedicine. These processes open the door to the prediction of the possible diseases that an individual can suffer according to their genetic configuration, resorting to eventual diagnoses and personalized treatments.
The development of stem cell therapies It is also part of the work of biomedicine. It is hoped that this type of therapy will allow the implementation of effective treatments against it in the future. Cancer, reverse muscle damage and heal spinal injuries, to mention a few possibilities.
Work with stem cells (which are embryonic cells capable of producing a complete organism) enables the transfer of genetic material to other cells, can contribute to the restoration or stimulation of the immune system and is valuable for the possible replacement or regeneration of cells, tissues And till organs.
Where to study biomedicine
Currently there are undergraduate degrees and specializations related to biomedicine. Universities of countries What Argentina, chili Y Spain, among others, allow to study biomedical engineering.
There’s also master’s degrees and other postgraduate courses that provide specialized training in studies related to biomedicine, usually linked to a multidisciplinary approach.