It is called biomathematics to the use of tools from math for him analysis of issues and themes in biology. It is a scientific discipline that also resorts to the use of mathematical concepts for the study of matters of environmental sciences and medicine.
Before proceeding, it is important to note that, due to the complexity of the living beings, it is not possible to treat all the dimensions of a biological process with a mathematical approach. That is why reductions are needed to simplify reality and thus make the approach viable.
Biomathematics, known even as mathematical biology, point to the application of mathematical techniques to investigate biological problems. The theoretical biologist Nicolas Rashevsky is pointed out as the father of biomathematics, since in 1938 presented the first scientific text on this matter.
Currently, biomathematics is based on the modeling and the use of differential equations. To synthesize biological reality, modeling is used through the “translation” of the elements under study to Mathematical Language. This modeling is usually carried out with differential equations, resulting in a system that can contain dozens of equations. The computers (computers), at this point, they are essential for the resolution of the systems and thus find the functions that allow the description of the phenomena.
Biomathematics, in short, is a multidisciplinary area where mathematicians, biologists, physiologists, chemists and physicists meet. This meeting requires overcoming linguistic and philosophical barriers to achieve mutual understanding and generate knowledge.
It is a very important resource for a number of reasons. For example, mathematical tools continue to develop at a favorable and promising rate and can be of great help to scientists trying to understand certain biological mechanisms that are too complex. Among others, for these cases far from linear issues, the knowledge collected by the theory of chaos.
It is known as chaos theory to the branch of certain sciences such as physics, biology and mathematics, among others, which focuses on the study of some kinds of systems complex and non-linear dynamics with a great tendency to vary in their initial conditions. It is enough with a small variation in this instance for the future behavior to present considerable differences, which makes it impossible to predict the results in the short term.
Another reason why biomathematics is so important and is enjoying a good time in terms of its acceptance by the scientific community is that computer processors are increasingly powerful, to limits that in the middle of the 20th century were impossible to imagine. This not only translates into a higher degree of raw processing, but there are several types of specialized processors in different areas.
Given the characteristics of biology and the problems it intends to study and solve, the simulations that can be carried out on a modern computer. Artificial intelligence, on the other hand, is a booming tool that can save a lot of research time if used appropriately to take advantage of the experience gathered by the computer in order to avoid repeating mistakes and to anticipate potential inconveniences. to reach conclusions with an astonishing level of precision.
Another point in favor of biomathematics is that it avoids terrible experimentation on animals, something that should never have existed. The need to have human subjects is also eliminated, thanks to the use of the aforementioned computer simulations, among other resources that allow estimating the results by means of calculations.