Binary, from Latin binarĭus, is something formed by a pair of components or units. It is possible, therefore, to apply this adjective to various concepts.

Specifically, we can specify a little more the etymological origin of the word binary, stating that it is made up of two clearly differentiated Latin parts: the word bini which is equivalent to “two by two” and the suffix –Aryan which can be translated as “relative to”.

BinaryThe binary system is the one that numbers using only zeros (0) and ones (1). This means that, in the framework of these systems, any figure can be expressed from these numbers. East system It is used by the computers or computers, which operate with a couple of different voltages and which attribute the 0 to the shutdown and the 1 at power-up.

It should be noted that all the numbers in the decimal system can be converted to binary system. It is necessary to divide the number of the decimal system by 2, obtaining an integer result that will be divided again by 2 successively until the dividend is less than the divisor (that is, 2). Finally you have to sort the remains, starting with the last and ending with the first.

In this sense we have to highlight the existence of what is known as binary converters. What they are responsible for is to convert the binary number that we give it into its corresponding from the decimal or hexadecimal point of view. Thus, for example, if we set the number 10 as binary, it will give us 2 as both decimal and hexadecimal.

It is known as binary codeon the other hand, to the command processing system of a computer that uses the binary system. Binary code allows you to encode character strings or bit strings.

The binary fileTherefore, it is the digital document whose data is encoded in binary code so that it can be processed by a computer. A digital video, photograph, or executable file that contains a software they are binary files.

And all this without forgetting that we also find what is called a binary tree. This term is used in the field of computing to define that data structure in which any of the nodes or elements that compose it usually have two “children”, although there may also be those that do not have any.

There are several types of binary trees that exist: the full binary tree, the perfect binary tree, the complete binary tree …

Out of the computing, the concept of binary also has several uses. The binary star It is that stellar system formed by a pair of stars that mutually orbit around a common center of mass. The binary compass, for its part, is a two-beat musical measure.

In the same way, we cannot ignore the existence of a famous bookstore called Binario Libros. This establishment is located next to the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, which has been operating since the 1980s and is characterized by offering its clients the latest in publications of various types.