Michel Begon (1638-1710) was a French sailor who served as intendant of Saint-Domingue, a colony of France who was on the island of The Spanish (island territory that is currently distributed Dominican Republic and Haiti). In addition to acting as an official, Begon stood out as a collector of plants and as a promoter of the botany.
In homage to the work done by Begon with the aim of promoting knowledge of nature, Charles Plumier relied on his name to baptize a plant perennial native to the American continent: the begonia.
Begonia belongs to the family group of the begoniaceae. This plant with fleshy stems, it has green leaves on one side and reddish on the other, large and heart-shaped. Its flowers lack corolla and have a pink calyx.
There are more than a thousand species of begonias, which are usually about forty centimeters tall. Beyond the common features, each species has its own peculiarities.
It can be said that begonia constitutes a gender which is very popular in the field of gardening. They generally need warm temperatures to thrive and must be protected from direct sunlight.
The propagation of begonias can be done by cuttings or division of a leaf or stem. It is also possible to achieve it through a fragment of the blade.
Classification according to type
Begonias can be classified in different ways. A division The usual practice is based on the root system and distinguishes between fasciculate begonias, the tuberous begonias and the rhizomatous begonias.
In the case of fasciculate begonias, their estate they spread through the soil to have access to the necessary nutrients that make their subsistence possible. These begonias bloom in clusters.
The tuberous begonias, meanwhile, have roots with tubers where they store nutrients. Another peculiarity is that they bloom abundantly. Finally, the rhizomatous begonias They have an underground stem that grows horizontally.
How to care for a begonia
The cares of begonia vary depending on whether it is an indoor or outdoor plant.
Begonias grown in gardens and other open spaces need to be in frost-free areas. In addition, they should not be continuously exposed to Sun.
If begonia is grown indoors it requires warm to warm temperatures, dimmed light and irrigation moderate to high.
Regarding the pests that usually affect begonias, we find the Mites, the aphids, the slugs and the snails. Attention should be paid to the eventual appearance of these animals as they feed on flowers and leaves.
It cannot be omitted from mentioning that the specific care depends on the species. That is why it is always important to consult a specialist to minimize inconvenience.
Begoña, a name of Basque origin
The term should not be confused begonia with the feminine proper noun Begoña. Saying Name, in addition, it has nothing to do with the plant: it is believed that it would be linked to a dominant hill.
The Spanish writer Begoña Huertas, the mexican actress Begoña Narváez and the Chilean actress Begoña Basauri are personalities calls this way.