Beetroot It is a concept that comes from the Italian language, although its etymological origin is more distant. The notion makes it possible to name a plant whose root is edible and that, according to most experts, comes from the south of the European continent, probably from Italy.
Also known as beetroot Y beet (its scientific name is Beta vulgaris), beets are part of the group of chenopodiaceae and the family of amaranth. This herbaceous plant has a thick stem that can be two meters high, large and small oval leaves flowers greenish in color.
The beet has its origin in the Beta maritima L., a wild species that grows in various maritime areas of the north of the African continent and southern Europe, with total freedom. It should be mentioned that it is not edible, although humans have used it for medicinal purposes, something that it does have in common with beets that we all know.
Its use as food by our species dates back to ancient times, and at that time not only did we eat root, but also its leaves, which have a flavor that resembles that of spinach (in France, they still consume beet leaves to this day). Since the beginning of the 19th century, its use in the culinary field decreased, as people began to take advantage of it to extract alcohol and to obtain table sugar (also known as sucrose).
The root is usually eaten cooked as part of salads. It is usual that it is combined with onion, potato (potato) and hard-boiled egg, among other ingredients. It can also be crafted beet juice or use it as Garrison.
Beetroot is a highly appreciated food since it has iron, potassium, Vitamin B Y vitamin C, among other nutrients. It can contribute to the treatment of anemia and be used as laxative.
Beet juice, in fact, is recommended to control the hypertension (since it contributes to reducing the blood pressure) and improve circulation (makes it difficult for clots to appear). However, the level of oxalates that it contains makes its excessive consumption can favor the formation of stones in the kidneys.
The list of its benefits continues, and can also be used in the treatment against cancer, thanks to being a food rich in flavonoids, substances that help plants protect themselves from the sun’s rays and carry out the dispersion of the seeds, but that provide us with various properties, since they are antioxidants, strengthen hair, protect the stomach and liver, promote good blood circulation, are antibacterial and anti-inflammatory.
Due to the presence of betanine, on the other hand, beet is also used as Natural colourant. This substance can even stain the urine and fecal matter of those who eat beets.
The call sugar beet, a variety of this plant, allows the obtaining of sugar. France, United States, Germany Y Russia They are among the world’s leading producers of this type of sugar.
Other varieties of beets that stand out are the White (also called elongated) and the red. Both have a high sugar content, which is much easier to assimilate than that from cane, and they are also rich in starch. Its leaves can be used as a vegetable and, as mentioned above, its roots are also perfectly edible. A clear difference between the two, as far as the use that humans give them, is that red is the preferred one for the kitchen, since is considered tastier, while the white is usually used mainly for the production of sugar and livestock feed.