Before entering fully into the definition of the term basement, we are going to proceed to discover its etymological origin. In this case, we can say that it derives from Latin and that it is the result of the sum of two clearly delimited components:
-The noun “basis”, which can be translated as “base”.
-The suffix “-mento”.
The concept of basement is used in the field of architecture with reference to the body which, composed of the pedestal and the based, is located below the shaft of the column. It should be noted that a pedestal is what provides support to something, while the base is the seat of a column.
It can be said that the basement is an element that acts as platform, holding a construction as a support as it provides support to the structure in question. Throughout history, different styles of plinths have developed, each with its own characteristics beyond its main function.
Regarding the bases, we have to state that there are many types of those that exist. Thus, we come across the suspended one, the aticurga, the continuous one, the compound one, the one with reedings or the so-called funicular, among many others.
These types must be said that it is important to know that one or the other is used depending on the architecture. Specifically, when we speak of classical architecture, the base will be of one kind or another depending on whether it belongs to the Doric, Ionic or Corinthian style.
In the Ancient Greece, for example, the basements used to have as base a crepidoma (a platform with steps or steps) or a plinth. The columns, in this framework, were supported by a plan known as stylobate.
At a general level, always in the field of architecture, the basement is called lower sector of the building that is composed of several planes. This basement has a different shape with respect to the higher planes.
Several Mesoamerican peoples of antiquity, for their part, developed characteristic pyramidal bases. A stepped structure known as teocallis, which used to be decorated with reliefs, allowed access to the temple located at the top.
Within the automotive field we can also highlight the existence and use of the term basement that we are now dealing with. In that case, it is used to refer to an essential part of the structure of the car in question. It is exactly the base and consists of a stiffening bar and a clamping device, fundamentally.
Likewise, it is also used within what is the field of geology. In this case it is referred to to refer to a rock layer that, due to its levels of permeability and porosity, does not have hydrocarbon deposits underneath.
As a general rule, the basement is usually made up of what are igneous-type rocks.
In a language more colloquial or informal, finally, the element that provides stand a statue and to the pedestal that allows a small piece to be raised and highlighted so that it can be appreciated more easily.