The term barbecue is used in different ways according to the geographical region. The first meanings mentioned by the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) allude to Grill used to grill food outdoors and outdoors set of meals that are prepared with this system.
For instance: “Tonight I’ll cook pork on the barbecue at my parents’ house”, “Matías bought a new barbecue and invited us to release it”, “I want to eat a fish barbecue”.
As an element for grilling food, the barbecue can also be called spit or Grill. It is usually made up of a iron grid where the meats or vegetables are located. This grate is placed over the fire, at a certain distance to prevent the food from burning. In this way, the heat slowly reaches the food, which is cooked little by little. It is usual that, in the last instance of the process, the barbecue is close to the flames to achieve that the meat is browned and somewhat crispy.
The barbecue, Barbecue, roast or roasting pan, on the other hand, it is the name that can receive the set of foods prepared in this way or another similar. Although its ingredients vary by country, it often includes beef, pork, and chicken. You can also have viscera (achuras) or sausages, such as chinchulines, kidneys, blood sausages and sausages.
Flavor smoked that characterizes this preparation can also be enjoyed by vegans, who refuse to consume products of animal origin. In other words, beyond the chopped or sliced vegetables, it is possible to barbecue a large number of recipes made with plant ingredients, such as seitan. There are even those who prepare pizza in this way, which offers a result similar to stone baking, typical of pizzerias.
Barbecue is not simply a term related to meal or a cooking technique, but represents an important part of the culture of many countries. Although it is perfectly acceptable to prepare a barbecue for yourself, the most normal thing is that this preparation is carried out as part of a meeting between friends or family, or even in special events held by the authorities of a school or a sports club which many people attend.
Regarding the term itself, the etymology of barbecue it is very interesting. Originally, the word barbecue, used by the Tainos encountered by Columbus and other immigrants when they arrived in the American continent with the purpose of conquering new land. The Tainos were aborigines from South America, who arrived in boats to the Caribbean islands more than six centuries ago, mainly to Guarania.
Haitians used grills that they called this way to grill meat, and the Spanish appropriated the term. Despite what many may think, barbecue It does not derive from English, but came to this language after having passed through ours. In some Spanish-speaking countries, such as Chile, the English word is used, although it is pronounced in a way that uses the sounds of Spanish; in this particular case, the pronunciation is “barbiquiú”.
According to another of the various versions of the etymology from barbecue, the original term belonged to the Mayans, and its translation into Castilian would be “meat covered with earth.”
It is known as barbecue sauce, finally, to a dressing which is used to accompany roast meat. Its ingredients usually include tomato sauce, honey, spices and vinegar.