A banner it’s a banner or one flag which, in ancient times, was used for distinction of military bodies, brotherhoods and other groups. The banners, therefore, are insignia or badges.
The first banners were born as individual symbols. From X century and approximately until thirteenth century, it was customary for knights to place a banner on their spear to manifest his presence on the battlefield.
The monarchs, the lords and the towns, with time, also began to use banners to distinguish themselves. This is how the royal banner, carried by the ensign who was next to the King.
Then the sovereigns began to grant banners to the municipalities. The king selected a knight to carry it and assigned him the responsibility of displaying and defending it. If in a warlike confrontation the banner remained in the power of the enemy, an attempt was made to rescue it as soon as possible.
On Spain, several popular festivals were born from the recovery of a banner that had been lost in a confrontation. Currently there are banners that are still used to represent the localities in festivities, such as the so-called Leonese banners Or simply, of Lion.
The banners of León are preserved in the old León Region, a historical region that was defined in this way in 1833 and includes three provinces: Zamora, Salamanca and León. Its function is to represent the localities in different pilgrimages and festivals, whether of a civil or religious nature.
There are several elements that we can distinguish in a Leonese banner:
* mast or pole: it is a piece made of wood that can measure a minimum of 3 and a maximum of 14 meters. It is the part of the banner to which the cloth is attached. At its base we can see a series of hooks that serve to grab the banner to the belt of the person in charge of carrying it. The neck has six to ten channels very thin that are made to reduce mass and make it less heavy;
* cloth or cloth: it is usually made up of horizontal bands of damask fabric that are aligned horizontally. The most commonly used colors are white, blue, red, and green. The bands are joined by a seam, using an imitation of gold thread. Its completion exhibits two tips, one lower and one upper, because of the notch;
* cross: it is made of bronze or brass in a silver or gold color. Its size is small and it is placed at the top of the neck. It should be noted that not all banners have a cross, but some have an ornament with a floral motif;
* capeline: a part of cloth that is placed in the upper point of the mast, on top of the junction of the cloth, the cross and the oars. Its characteristics must be the same as those of the cloth;
* oars: they are cords that are made of cotton, with a color similar to that of the fabric, and are tied to the highest part of the rod to hold the set when the wind is very strong. The oars are not carried by the banner holder (who carries the banner), but by other people.
In the field of religion, the banner is a currency used in the processions. Known as simpecados in certain cases, these banners are hung on a pole and lead the way.
Finally, the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) recognizes some uses of banners in the colloquial language. A banner, in this frame, can be a libertine person regarding their sexuality or from messy habits. You can also use the expression earless banner to refer to a woman who behaves in an impudent or shameless manner.