The Latin word aviarius arrived in Castilian as aviary. It is a term that can be used as adjective or as noun.
In the first case, aviary is synonymous with avian. Both concepts are used to qualify what is linked to the birds: vertebrate animals that lay eggs, breathe through lungs, have feathers that cover their bodies, have a horny beak and have wings.
It is called avian flu or bird flu to one infectious disease that mainly affects birds, although it can also spread to other species (including the human being). The infection is caused by different kinds of virus of the group Influenzavirus A.
Avian influenza was detected at the end of XIX century in the Italian territory. While wild waterfowl show great resistance to disease, domestic poultry show vulnerability.
In 2009 broke in a pandemic caused by a variant of the subtype H1N1 of the Influenzavirus A. This variant is believed to have arisen with the combination of genetic material from two porcine strains, a human strain and an avian strain. Due to the mutation, contagion between species occurred, passing from the pig to the human and then causing person-to-person infections.
The aviary as a collection
As a noun, the idea of aviary can be used to name a collection bird’s. The specimens, which can be dissected or alive, are arranged to facilitate their study or to display them.
Take the case of National Aviary of Colombia. It is a collection exhibited in natural environments that seeks to spread the Colombian diversity and promote its conservation.
The National Aviary of Colombia, found in Barú Island (Cartagena de Indias), is made up of about 1,700 specimens belonging to 170 species. In total it presents twenty-two exhibits spread over seven hectares.
The Place of the Birds, meanwhile, is the aviary of the biopark Temaikèn, located in the Buenos Aires town of Escobar (Argentina). In five zones that occupy three hectares, inhabit more than 2,500 specimens.
The nestOn the other hand, it is a Mexican aviary where more than two hundred species live, many of which are in danger of extinction. It takes place on a seven-hectare site located in the municipality of Ixtapaluca.
A cage for birds
Also called aviary is the cage which is used to enclose birds. They are generally large enough for the animals to fly.
Sometimes aviaries try to reproduce the natural habitat. Thus they include floors inside.
Aviaries can be found in zoos, parks and other similar spaces. At the home or domestic level, many people build their own aviaries for raising domestic birds. There is also Business that sell aviaries that can be located outdoors or inside a building.
Beyond the characteristics of aviaries, there are those who argue that a bird should never be kept in a cage, regardless of the size of the structure. That is why it is often claimed that these creatures can live in Liberty.