With etymological origin in the Latin word austrālis, the term southern can be used as adjective or as noun. In the first case, it is a qualifier used in geography and astronomy with reference to that which belongs to the south.
Let us remember that the south is the Cardinal point that is behind the person which, to its right, has the east. The concept, in this way, is used to name the area that is located in the southern sector of a region or that is further south than another.
Retaking the idea from austral, we can refer to southern hemisphere or southern hemisphere. If the globe is divided into two halves from the equator, the southern hemisphere is located below the northern or northern hemisphere.
In the southern hemisphere there are regions of Africa, Asian islands and Oceania, South America Y Australia. In addition, large sectors of the oceans Indian, peaceful Y Atlantic are also in this hemisphere.
The austral pole, on the other hand, it is the southern point at which the axis of rotation cuts the earth’s surface. Also called the South Pole, it is the southernmost region of the planet.
It is known by the name of Southern Chaco to one of the most important divisions of the region South American geographic named Great Chaco, which covers part of Argentina, Brazil and Bolivia. Unlike the other two parts, the Southern Chaco is found entirely on Argentine soil, and its surface covers: the entire Santiago del Estero, Formosa and Chaco provinces; the north of Santa Fe; the east of Salta; the northeast of Córdoba.
With respect to relief of the Southern Chaco, we can say that it shares characteristics with the rest of the Great Chaco: it is a plains of considerable extension that, from a geological point of view, is related to the Pampas, although the Chaco is covered with forests and jungles. With the exception of the transition zones to the west, there are practically no major landforms.
In Chile there is Austral road, which is located in the South Zone of the country. Based on the data collected in 2014, your route It had a total length of 1,240 kilometers and connected Villa O »Higgins with Puerto Montt, but there are plans to expand the route.
The Highway Austral is the most important land transport route in the Province of Palena and the Aysén Region, since it allows its inhabitants to access the rest of the country while offering the possibility of making an interesting trip through Chilean Patagonia. Its origin takes us to the year 1976, and for Chile it represented one of the most ambitious and expensive projects of the 20th century.
Since the geographical characteristics of the areas through which the road passes are relatively complicated, since lakes, ice fields and turbulent rivers are common, repair work is very frequent and certain sections are not operational. In addition, it is necessary to point out that a large percentage of its surface has not been paved.
Southern It is also the name of the currency from Argentina Come in 1985 Y 1992, when it was replaced by the weight (current Argentine currency of legal tender).
The austral was created within the framework of the so-called Austral Plan, a Program promoted by the minister of Economy Juan Vital Sourrouille during the presidency of Raúl Alfonsín. The austral was equivalent to 1,000 Argentine pesos, the currency it replaced.
It is worth mentioning that a college, a air Line, a brand of beer and a daily they carry as name Southern.